Seret Türkmençe-iňlisçe sözlügi

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ussanrepairman, craftsmanZynjyrym üzülende zergär ussa bejertmäge eltdim.I took my broken chain to jewellery repairman. agaç ussasycomp.joiner, carpenter; luthierAýal doganym durmuşa çykanda agaç ussaň ýanyna baryp onuň oňaran iň owadan sandygyny aldyk.When my sister got married we went to see a carpenter and bought the most beautiful chest.Mälik Gökje agaç ussasy, onuň oňaran dutarlary Mary iline belli.Malik Gokje is a luthier and the dutars he makes are well known to folk in Mary.demirçicomp.blacksmithÇarhyň tigirçegi döwülende, demirçi ussa eltip bejertdi.When a mill wheel broke, they brought it to silversmith to fix.demirçi ussasilversmithtikinçi ussacomp.tailor, seamstressMeňli obamyzyň belli tikinçi ussasy, köp gyz-gelinler köýnegini şoňa tikdirýärler.Mengli is our village's most well-known seamstress, many girls and women get her to sew dresses for them.
urmakv1to hit, beat, flog, thumpýumruk bilen urmakto thump (something or someone)Sen bir okda iki towşany urjak bolma, ilki bir işiňi et, soňra beýlekisini.Don't try and hit two rabbits with one shot, first do one thing, then another.Çemen Kuwwaty uranda, ol aglar oturardy.When Chemen hit Kuwat, he used to cry.Goňşymyň bet iti üstüme topylansoň taýak bilen urdum.When my neighbour's crazy dog attacked me, I hit it with a stick.Ýumruklap urmajak bolup, dulugyna bir şarpyk çaldy.Rather than beat him with his fists, he slapped him in the face.2to poundKakmaç bişirmek üçin ilki eti pyçak bilen urmaly.When cooking kakmach, first beat the meat with a knife.Ýagyp başlan ýagyş aýna urýardy.The rain that started was pounding on the window.Gaharyna stoly urup, üstündäki suwly grafini düwdi.He hit the table angrily and knocked off a decanter of water.Oglum pianinanyň klawişalarynda çalman barmaklary bilen urýardy.My son was hitting the piano keys, instead of playing them.3to thumpGüjük eýesiniň ýüzüne seredip, guýrujagy bilen ýere urýardy.The puppy was beating the ground with his tail while looking at his owner's face.4to strike, to hitMerdan awda bir atanda iki ördegi urup aldy.While hunting Merdan hit two ducks with one shot.Sagadyň on ikä urmagy bilen Täze ýylyň birinji güni başlanýar.When the clock strikes 12 times New Year begins.5to slamOglan gaharyna gapyny urup çykyp gitdi.The boy left slamming the door angrily.6to beat, to flogÖňki döwürde gul aýdylan zatlary ters etse, gamçy bilen urýardylar.In olden times, if a slave did things incorrectly, he was beaten with a whip.7to thrust oneselfOl özüni sowuk suwa urdy.He thrust himself into the water.Ol özüni tokaýa urdy.He thrust himself into the forest.Ol gaharyna özüni niräk urjagyny bilmedi.He was beside himself with anger.8to loadWagona ýük urmak üçin ilki maňa rugsat hatyňy görkez.First show me your letter of permission to load the wagons.9to robJenaýatçylar gije öý urmak üçin penjireden girdiler.In the evening thieves got into the house through the window, in order to rob it.10to eruptFontan urdy.The fountain erupted. Dagyň eteginden täze çeşme urdy.A new spring erupted from the base of the mountain.agyz urmakcomp.to biteMerdanyň aýagyndan it agyz urup ol hassahana düşdi.Merdan got bitten by a dog and ended up in hospital.azm urmakcomp.to shout at, to threatenMaňa azm urup, meniň göwnüme degjek bolma.Don't threaten me and cause me to be offended.Maňa azm urup, karzyňy bermeseň maşynyňy aljak diýdiler.They threatened me by telling me they'd take your car if you don't repay your debt.hars urmakcomp.vto work hard, to display intense activityHudaý ursun!comp.God forbid! May God strike me down if...Hudaý ursun meni, men şol tigirçegi ogurlan bolsam.God forbid that I should have stolen this small wheel.kök urmakcomp.to take root, put down roots, to develop rootsTäze ekilen gül kök urupdyr.A newly planted flower had taken root.özüňi oda urmakcomp.Özüňi oda salma bilmedik isiňi etjek bolup.reňk urmakcomp.to repaint, to paint overÖňki ak maşynyma gök reňk urdum.I had my white car re-sprayed in blue.sowuk urmakcomp.1to have frostbite2to be struck by frostBiziň mellegimizdäki kelemleri sowuk urupdyr.The cabbages in our cabbage plot were struck by frost.urup açmakcomp.vto break openGapyny urup açdymy, depip açdymy, ýöne gulpy döwüpdir.Whether he broke open the door or hit it with his foot, the door lock was broken.ýama urmakcomp.to patchJynsy balagym ýyrtylansoň ýama urup geýdim.After my jeans got torn I patched them and wore them.tok urmakunspec. comp. formelectrocuteÖl eliň bilen çyrany ýakmaly däl, tok urýar.You must not turn the light on with wet hands or you'll be electrocuted.
ukyu:kynsleepUky, iýmit bilen suw adama birinji gerekli zatlar.Sleep, food and water are the first things that a person needs.uka batmakto fall asleepukudan goýmakto disturb someone's sleepGazetde bir adamyň 10 ýyldan soň letargik ukydan oýanandygyny çap etdiler.A newspaper article was published about the person who woke up from a coma after 10 years.Sen meni bolgusyz gepleriň bilen ukudan goýduň.You disturbed my sleep with your meaningless chatter.Aýjeren jigisini elinde üwränsoň uka batdy.As Ayjeren rocked her sister, she fell asleep.Ilki günler sagadyň jyňňyrdysyna oýanamsoň, indi endik bolup özümem turýaryn.At first I was woken up at seven a.m. by my alarm clock; now I wake up myself out of habit.Ukym gelse-de öý işi sapaklarymy dynýançam ýatmadym.However much I wanted to sleep, I didn't go to bed until I finished my homework.ukudan ganmakto enjoy sleeping, to rest well from one's sleepJeren ukusyndan ganyp turdy.Jeren got up, well-rested from her sleep.ukudan ýaňabecause of sleepinessUkudan ýaňa zordan açylýan gözlerini owkalap Mähri düşegine geçdi.Mahri went to bed massaging her eyes which she could hardly keep open because of her sleepiness.Sen meni bolgusyz gepläp ukudan goýduň.You disturbed my sleep with your meaningless chatter.ukydan goýmakto disturb someone's sleepIlki günler sagat bilen ýedide ukudan oýanamsoň indi endik bolup özüm-em turýaryn.At first I was woken up at seven a.m. by my alarm clock; now I wake up myself out of habit.baky uka gitmekcomp.to go to sleep, fall into an eternal rest, dieÝarawsyz ýatan kakam dogan garyndaşlary bilen hoşlaşyp baky uka gitdi.As he was saying goodbye my sick father fell into an eternal rest.süýji ukudacomp.in a deep sleepMeýlis sallançakda süýji ukuda ýatyrdy.Meylis slept well in her cradle.uka gitmekcomp.vto go to sleep (under the influence of gas or drugs)Hassa operasiýadan öň narkoz edenlerinden soň derrew uka gitdi.The patient was anaesthetised and went to sleep quickly before the operation.Aýylar gyşda üç aýlyk penjesini agyzlaryna salyp uka gidýärler.Bears put their paws in their mouths and hibernate for three months.Ýaňy uka gidip ugramda, tisginip turdum.As I was nodding off I jumped with a start. ukudan goýmakcomp.vdo not let sleep, prevent from sleeping, keep awakeGijeki çakan ýyldyrym Meňlini ukudan goýdy.The thunder in the night prevented Mengli from sleeping.ukudan oýanmakcomp.vto wake upMeniň kiçi ogluma her gün irden ukudan oýanmak kyn düşýär.It is difficult for my little son to wake up early morning every day.ukudan oýarmakcomp.vto wake someone upBäbek gije aglap, ejesini ukudan oýardy.At night, the crying baby woke her mother.ukyň gaçmakcomp.vto be unable to sleepŞu günki bolan uruşdan soň onuň ukusy gaçdy.After today's fight he could not sleep at night.
uçurmakv1to launchRaketany uçurmak üçin ony startda goýup, onlukdan aşaklygyna sanap başladylar.To launch the rocket it was installed on the launch pad and the countdown from ten started. Batbörek uçurmak.To fly a kite.2to release (birds)Seýil bagynda ýaş juwanlar kepderi uçurdylar.The newly married couple released a pigeon in the park. 3to swing someone, to push someone on the swings, to rock someoneMekan bizi Gurbanlykda hiňňilikde uçurdy.Mekan pushed us on the swings during the Holidays of Gurban. Gülşat, Şemşady ýatyrmak üçin sallançakda üwredi. Gulshat put Shemshat in the cradle to rock her to sleep.Gülşat Şemşady ýatyrmak üçin sallançakda üwredi. 4to let someone have a rideÇagalary seýil bagyň atraksionynda uçurmak üçin pul töledim.I have paid for a ride in the park for children. 5to chip, make fly offGorkyma elimdäki çäýnegi gaçyryp onuň gulpuny uçurdym.In my fear I dropped the teapot and the handle flew off. Çüýşaň gapagyny batly açamda, agzyny uçurdym.I broke off a bottle neck while being too forceful in opening the cap.Agaç ussa oňaryp oturan dutaryndan agaç ýonuşgalaryny uçurmajak bolup, usullyk bilen işleýardi.The carpenter worked carefully while making a dutar in order not to spread wood chips around. Agaç ussa oňaryp oturan dutaryndan agaç ýonuşgalaryny uçurmajak bolup, usullyk bilen işleýärdi.The carpenter worked carefully while making a dutar in order not to spread wood chips around. Çüýşäň gapagyny batly açamda, agzyny uçurdym.I broke off a bottle neck while being too forceful in opening the cap.Syrçaly bedräni gaçyryp, syrçasyny uçurdym.A piece of enamel chipped off the bucket when I dropped it. başyňdan huşuny uçurmakcomp.to have one's head in the clouds, for one's head to begin to spinOl gyzy görenimde, başymdan huşum uçdy.When I saw that girl my head began to spin.Mergeniň söýgüsi Jereniň bauşyndan huuşuny uçurdy, ol ne ejesine kömek etdi, ne sapaklaryny.söz uçurmakcomp.to fly off the handle, to speak without thinkingDiliňden oýlanman erbet söz uçurmak gelşiksiz bolar.Not thinking what you say and flying off the handle shows a lack of good upbringing.
urulmakv1to be hit, be beatenGünäsiz urulmak Berdiň namysyna agyr degdi.Being beaten for no reason made Berdi very shameful.Jenaýatçy urulmajak bolup kimden we haçan zatlary alanyňy sülçä aýtdy.In order to stop being beaten, the criminal admitted to the detective where, when and from whom he got those things .Başka şähere göçemizde öý goşlarymyz uly maşyna uruldy.When we moved to another city we packed all our stuff in a lorry.Başka şähere göçümizde öý goşlarymyz uly maşyna uruldy.When we moved to another city we packed all our stuff in a lorry.2to strikeGije on ikide sagadyň dili on iki gezek urlanda, Zoluşkaň bar jadysy açylýar.When the clock strikes twelve at midnight, Zolushka will loose all magic.bir okda iki ördek urulmakcomp.to kill two ducks with one shot (~kill two birds with one stone)
uzynuzy:nadj1longuzyn gygyrmakto shout for a long timeuzyn gürlemektalk for a long timeuzyn ädimlemekto walk with a long stepGyş günlerinden tomus günleri uzyn bolýar. Summer days of are longer than autumn ones.Uzyn ýoldugyna garamazdan, joramyňka ulaga münmän ýöräp gitdim.distance, time2tallGunçanyň ýoldaşynyň boýy uzynlygy üçin, Gunça onuň diňe kiftine ýetýär.As Guncha's husband is tall, she only reaches his shoulder.uzyn dag geçelgelerihigh mountain passesTokaýda uzyn agaçlar bar.There are very tall trees in forest.uzyn boýly gyzlartall girlsKedr agaçlaryň boýy üç gat jaýlaryň boýundan uzyn bolýar.The height of cedar trees is higher than that of three-storey buildings.3wholeGadyr gijesinde uzyn gije daň atýança, doga okap dileg etdik.During the evening called 'Gadyr' we all prayed the whole night until the sun rose.timeeli uzyncomp.wealthyWepa indi nebit we gaz öňümçiligiň başlygy bolup öňkisinden eli uzyn bolup islän zadyny alyp bilýär.Now Wepa is the head of oil and gas manufacture and he became wealthy, buying all what he wanted.uzyn-uzyncomp.1adjvery tallKüşt depdi tansyny uzyn-uzyn boýly oglan-gyzlar edýärdiler.The dance of Kushtdepdi was performed by tall boys and girls.2advvery longUzyn-uzyn ädimläp, biz top oýnajak ýerimizi ölçäp, oýnymyza başladyk.With long steps we measured the place where we would play the ball, and started our game.Tagtabazaryň daglarynda başga oba eltýän uzyn-uzyn dagyň içinden geçýän ýodalary bar.In Tagtabazar mountains there are long-long roads that take to another villages through the mountain.Begenç uzyn-uzyn gepläp, berlen öý işini etmegi unutdy.Begench was talking so much he forgot to do his homework.Haýwanat bagyndaky ýolbars uzyn-uzyn gygyryp, çagalary gorkuzdy.The lion in the zoo roared so long it scared the children.Ýaşyň uzyn bolsun!comp.Keep your youth!Ýaşyň uzyn bolsun we uzak ömür sür!Keep your youth and live long!Boýy uzynyň akly keltesay.Tall but not very intelligent
uzamakv1to lengthen, to grow longer, stretchGyşyň gelmegi bilen gijelerem uzaýar.As winter approaches the nights begin to draw in.2to grow, reachAgaçlaryň depesi asmana uzapdyr.The treetops reached as far as heaven.Berdiň gullykda bolan wagty boýy uzapdyr.Berd grew taller while he was in the army.3to reach up (for)Kitap tekjesinden kitap almak üçin elimi ýokaryk uzatmaly.I had to stretch my arm up in order to reach the book from the bookshelf.eliň uzamakcomp.to be well off, comfortably offIş tapanym bäri elimem uzaýar, gerek zadymy alyp bilýärin.I have a high income since I found work, I can get everything what I want.
uçmakv1to flyIlkinji gezek maňa uçarda uçmak gorkyly boldy.My first flight on a plane was scary experience for me. Akja kepderi açyk äpişgeden uçup girdi. A white dove flew in through the open window. Guşjagaz uçmak isleýän ýaly, ganatjyklaryny kakýardy.A little bird was flapping its wings as if it wanted to fly. 2to swing, to rockAglamaz ýaly Mähri gyz jigsini sallançakda uçurdy, olam uklady.To comfort her younger sister Mahri swung her in the cradle and she fell asleep. Yralýan oturguçda Gülşat uçmagy halaýar.Gulshat loves swinging on a swinging chair. Gulshat loves swinging on a swinging chair. 3to rideTäze atraksionda uçmak üçin joralarym bilen seýil bagyna gitdik.We went to the park with my friends for a ride on the new attraction.carousel, roller coaster, etc.4to evaporateÝagyş ýagandan soň, gün erbet gyzdyrsa suw bugaryp uçýar.If the sun heats up after raining, water evaporates quickly.Ýagyş ýagandan soň, Gün erbet gyzdyrsa, suw bugaryp uçýar.If the sun heats up after raining, water evaporates quickly.5to disappeargözüňden uçmakcomp.to disappearSeýil bagyna gidenimizde birden oglum gözümden uçdy.When we went to the park suddenly my son has disappeared.kelläňden uçmakcomp.to completely forgetŞu günki ýygnak meniň kellämden uçdy.I completely forgot today's meeting.
ukypuky:pngift, talent, aptitude, abilitySende ukyp bar.You have a real gift.Türkmen-türk mekdebine girmek üçin seniň ukybyňy barlaýarlar.They will test your aptitude for entering Turkmen-Turk school.Sende sporta ukyp bar, ýöne sen ýaltaçylyk edip türgenleşeňok.You have no aptitude for sport, because you are lazy and don't train.Nurmyratda saza bolan ukyp bar, ol ýedi ýaşyndaka Sazçylyk mekdebinde bäsleşikde birinji orny eýeledi.Nurmyrat has a musical talent; he came first in the musical school competition for seven-year-olds.financesilatyň satyn alyjylyk ukybycomp.the population's ability to buyIlatyň satyn alyjylyk ukyby pes bolanlygy sebäpli uny bazarda satman dükanlarda hökümet bahadan arzan satýarlar.The flour is sold in the shops , not in the markets, because the population's ability to buy is low.
u:çn1end, extremity, edge, end of cloth, stringetiň ujundanfrom the peace of the meat2point, edge, point, tip, top of one's head; bottom of one's feetMeniň saçymyň ujy gyrylansoň gyrkdym.Because my hair got split ends, I cut it.Skotçyň ujyny aňsat tapar ýaly epläp goýaryn.I will fold the edge of sellotape to find it easily.Köýnegimi gasamda iňňäň ujy barmagyma çümdi.When I shortened my dress, the tip of the needle stuck into my finger.Serdar galama uç çykarmak üçin artyp başlady.Serdan began to sharpen the pencil.Daýanç bilen Guwanç hersi ýüpüň ujyny agaja daňyp hiňňildik ýasadylar.Dayanch and Guwanch made a swing by tying the end of the rope to the tree.Atam ýetmişiň ujyndan gädip ugrady, ýöne şonda-da sport bilen türgenleşýärdi.Even though my grandfather has turned seventy, he still trains as a sportsmen.Balerinalar barmaklarynyň ujunda tans edýärler.Ballerinas dance on the tip of their feet.Aýak ujuňa ýorgan goýdum, ýapynsaň.If you want to cover, I put a blanket at the bottom of your feet.If you want to cover, I put blanket at the bottom of your feet.kelebiň ujuny ýitirmek (bulaşmak)comp.vunable to find a solutionMeret durmuşda kelebiň ujuny ýitirip arakhor boldy.Meret could not find any solution to life and became an addict.ýeriň aňry ujycomp.edge of the earthŞirin Wepa bilen ýeriň aňry ujynada gitmage kaýyldy.Shirin was ready to go to the edge of the earth with Wepa.
ulyadj1large, big, considerableLondon şäheri Oksford şäherinden uly.The city of London is bigger than Oxford.2old, olderSerdar öz jigisi Sapadan dört ýaş uly.Serdar is four years older than his brother Sapa.3importantŞäheriň baýramçylygyna başga ýurtlardan uly myhmanlar geldi.Many important guests from other countries came to the celebration in the city. ula gitmekcomp.v1to go for a larger one, go for a bigger oneGurban sport ýaryşynda kiçi baýragy utup, ula gitmäge synanyşdy.Because he won a minor prize, Gurban went on to try for a major one.2to increase, escalate (quarrels, war, gossip)Olar ýekeje zadyň üstünde urşup, dawa-jenjel ula gitdi. As they fought over a trifle, the quarrel escalated. ula tutmakcomp.vto compete with someone larger than youBatyr göreşde ula tutup, obada atly pälwan bilen orta çykdy.Batyr stepped up to compete against a big, well-known wrestler from the village.uludan dem almakcomp.vto take a deep breathLukman hassanyň ýüregini diňlemek üçin uludan dem almagyny sorady.The doctor asked the patient to breathe deeply as he listened to his heartbeat.uludan-kiçäcomp.from high to low, from old to youngBiz sport türgenleşiginde uludan-kiçä boýly-boýuna durduk.In sport training we stood in order of height from young to old.Ertekileri diňe çaga däl-de, uludan-kiçä bar adam söýýär.Fairy tales are not just loved by children, but by young and old.ululy-kiçilicomp.adjdifferent sizedUluly-kiçili diýmeseň, Gülşat bilen Şemşat ekiz gyzlar.Gulshat and Shemshat are twins but they are different heights.uly geplemekcomp.vto boast, brag, exaggerateÖzüni öwüp, uly gepläniň tanapy çüýrük.The one who brags, has rotten ropes.uly-kiçicomp.adjboth young and oldA. S. Puşkinyň ýazan goşgylaryny, ertekilerini uly-kiçi okaýar.A S Pushkin's poems and fairy tales are read by both young and old.A. S. Puşkiniň ýazan goşgylaryny, ertekilerini uly-kiçi okaýar.Pushkin's poems and fairy tales are read by both young and old.Myhman ataňdan ulysay.A guest is more important than your father
uzak1adjfar, longÖýümizden Murgap derýasyna çenli ýol uzak, bizem maşynda gidýäris.From home to the Murgap river is a long way, and we are going by car.Telefon arkaly biz uzak aralykdaky adamlar bilen habarlaşyp bilýäris.Using telephones we can communicate with people who are far away.distance2adjlonguzak wagtlong timeMaňa Beýik Britaniýa gitmek üçin wiza uzak wagtlyk berdiler.I was given a log time visa for travelling Great BritainMen göçýänligim sebäpli indi siziň kärhanaňyzda uzak isläp biljek däl.Since I am moving to another place, I can't work in your company very long.Çagalar kän uzak wagt suwa düşmeselerem suwdan çykanlarynda tenleri güne ýanypdyr.Even though the children didn't swim for long, they have got sunburned.time3adjall, entire, wholeMen uzak gije kitap okap daňyň atanyny bilmändirin.I was reading the whole night and I didn't notice when the sun rose.Gyzlar uzak gün pagta meýdanynda bolup, agşam ara derýa suwa düşmäge gitdiler.The girls were working the whole day in the cotton field and went to swim in river in the evening.Aşgabatdan Mara golýançam uzak ýoly uklap geldim.I slept all the way from Ashgabat to Mary.time, distance4adjremoteUzakdaky amazon taýpasyna barmak üçin üç gün gaýykda ýüzmeli.To visit the remote Amazon tribes, you have to travel by ship for three days.5advchronic, prolonged; quicklyMamamyň uzaga geçen üznüksiz üsgülewük keseli bar ysgynyny aldy.My mother's chronic cough took all her energy.Kärhanaň lisenziýa barada meseleleri uzaga çekildi.The company's problems about the licence prolonged.Sirin dümegden uzaga çekmän gutuldy we ise basym çykdy.Shirin recovered from her cough quickly and went back to work.Ömrüň uzak bolsun!comp.May you live long!
utulmakvto lose (at)Ýaryşda utulmak meniň üçin utanç bolar diýip gije-gündiz taýarlandym.Since losing in the competition would be shameful for me, I prepared day and night.Oýunçy utulanyny bilse ýagşy.say.It is better a player know about his failed.Ol özüniň gowşakdygyny bildi. Oýunçy utulanyny bilse ýagşy.He knew about his own weakness. It is better a player know about his failed.
uklamaku:klamakvto sleepGarry adamlara uklamak kyn.Old people find it hard to sleep.Myhmanhanada men arkaýyn uklap bilemok.I cannot sleep peacefully in a hotel.Sagadymyň batareýi çoküp, irden uklap galypdyryn, şol sebäpli ýigrimi minut işe gijä galdym.As my watch's battery had died, I overslept and was 20 minutes late for work.piliň gulagynda uklamakcomp.to be in the dark, to be unaware, be uninformedNabat piliň gulagynda uklan ýaly ol klasdaky boljak konsertden bihabardy.Nabat was in the dark about the forthcoming class concert.uklap galmakcomp.vto fall asleepOgluma kitaby okap gutarýançam uklap galdy.My son fell asleep as I finished reading the book.Merdan dostunyňka oturmaga baranda, işden ýadaw bolup uklap galdy.When Merdan visited his friend, he fell asleep as he has tired from his work.uklap oturmakcomp.vbeing sleepySerdar çeper film görüp oturan ýerinde bir irkilip, bir oýanyp uklap otyrdy.Serdar was sitting sleepily watching a movie.
ulaltmakv1to increase, to enlarge, to expand, to add on toÇary aga ekin meýdanyny ulaltmak üçin daýhan birleşiginden goşmaça ýer aldy.Uncle Chary took additional land from the farmer's union, in order to expand his garden.Bize myhman gelse biz stolumyzy ulaldýarys.When guests visit us, we extend our dining table.Jaýymyzy ulaldyp gurmak üçin kän pul gerek.Söwda dükanymy ulaltmak üçin bankdan karz pul aldym.I took a loan from the bank in order to expand my shop.Bize myhman gelse, biz stolumyzy ulaldýarys.When guests visit us, we extend our dinner table.2to grow, to bring upKiçi guzulary tiz we sagdyn ulaltmak üçin ene süýdinden doýyrmaly.Ýalňyz enä iki çagany ulaltmak kyn.It is hard for a single mother to raise two childrenGüllerimi ulaltmak üçin men topraga mineral dökünlerini goşýan.To grow bigger flowers, I fertilise to the soil.3to be given a pay rise, be given a raiseIşgär öz isini ökde alyp barsa wezipesini ulaltýarlar.If a worker does his job skilfully, he is given a raise.at worksözi ulaltmakcomp.to exaggerateMugallyma okuwçylar bolan dawany sözme söz ulaltman aýtdylar.In the argument between the teacher and the students he told them not to exaggerate.
ulaşmakv1to become, turn into, to touchDagyň başy asmana ulaşýar.The top of the mountain touches the sky.Kiçiräk niýetlän doglan günüm uly toýa ulaşdy.The small birthday party I had intended turned into a massive event.Biziň obamyz on ýyl myndan ozal şähere ulaşdy, on müň adam sanymyz ýigrimi bäş müň boldy.Our village became a city 10 years ago; 10 thousand people had become 25 thousand.Biziň obamyz on ýyl myndan ozal şähere ulaşdy, on müň adam sany ýigrimi bäş müň boldy.Our village turned into a city 10 years ago; 10 thousand people had become 25 thousand.2to make trouble for oneself, to be asking for trouble, commitNätanyş adamlar bilen iş salyşyp bir bela ulaşaýma.When working with strangers, don't make trouble for yourself.Wepa tiz baýajak bolup jenaýat işine ulaşdy.3to be chronically ill, to be terminally illMamam süýjülik keseline ulaşyp, uzak wagtlap ýaraman ýatdy.Since my grandmother became ill with diabetes a long time ago, she has stayed in bed.Meniň daýym rak keseline ulaşyp, ýöne operasiýa etmeli däl sebäpli ýogaldy.Men artrit keseline ulaşdym, lukmanam şol keselden doly gutulma ýok diýdi, ýöne wagtlaýyn bejergi berdi.4to be added, to turn intoMähriň döredijilik joşguny uly poeziýa ulaşdy.Mahri's creative frenzy yielded a lot of poetry.Magtymguly Pyragyň durmuşy we döredijilikleri türkmen iliniň taryhyna ulaşdy.Toýuň toýa ulaşsyn! (arzuw, tost)comp.
ugrunacfugur1advtowards, along, agreeugruna kowmak (idiom)to agree, to allow, to assent to2postalong, besideAgaçdan gaçan ýapraklar şemalyň ugruna uçýardylar.Leaves fallen from trees were being blown along by the wind. Biz akymyň ugruna ýüzüp gitdik.We swam with the current.Çagalar maşynlaryň geçýän ýolunyň ugrunda oýnaýardylar.The children were playing on the street where cars were passing.Mekdep okuwçylary ýoluň ugruna agaç nahallaryny ekdiler.The school children planted trees beside the road.Goşlaryňy düwüpsiň, ugur niräk?You've packed your suitcase, where are you going?3nin the direction ofBarýan ugruňy üýtgedip bilmersiňmi?Can't you change the direction of your route?Et dükan haýsy ugurda ýerleşýär?In which direction is a butchers located?Which way [should I go] to find a butchers?Sazyň ugruny üýtgedip, başgaça saz düzäýdik.We changed the motive of the melody and accidentally composed another one.Taýynlaýan çykyşymyzyň ugruny üýtgetdik.We changed the way (abstract sense, as in method) of our performance.Kyn meseläniň çözmeli ugruny tapmak üçin mugallyma ýüz tutduk.We asked a teacher how to solve a difficult problem.Şemal öz ugruny her minutda üýtgedýärdi.The wind changed direction every minute.Biziň ýolumyz ugurdaş, bile gidibereli.Our routes are the same, let's go together.Köp ene-atalar çagalaryny dogry terbeýelemän, ugruna göýberýärler.Many parents let their kids have their own way / go their own way, instead of bringing them up correctly.Men şu otlardan derman taýynlamanyň ugruny öwrenýärin.I am learning the technique of preparing medicine from these plantsugruna barmakcomp.vto be successful, go well, be well, be the bestKemal bilen Leýliň taslamasy ugruna bardy.The project proposal of Kemal and Leyli were closest to being the best.ugruny ýitirmekcomp.vto lose one's sense of directionNartäç ýoldaşyndan aýrylşansoň, ugruny ýitirdi.After the divorce from her husband, Nartach lost her sense of direction.
ugurcfugruna1postdirection, towards, in the direction of, by, at the side (of)ýoluň ugryalong the roadýeliň ugrywind directionýoluň ugrundaby the road, on the roadsideMamamyň ýarawsyzlykdan ýaňa indi ugry ýok.My Grandma doesn't feel good now due to her illness.Meniň şu gün ugrum ýok, ýarawsyzrak.I don't feel good today, I am sick.ugur nirä?Where are you heading?Onuň bilen güleşmegiň ugruny tapmaly.Got to find the way to speak to him.Sen bu işiň ugruny bilýäň.You know the way to get this job done.Haýsy ugra gitmeli?Where should we go?Ugur nirä?Which way are you going?bellenen ugurrouteugry ýokto be in bad shapeMeňliň indi Şirin bilen ugry ýok.Menli is not a close friend of Shirin any longer.2poststylesungatda realistik ugura realistic art styleabstraksionizm ugryabstract style3postfieldol bu ugurdan uly spesialistS/he is a great specialist in this field.Ol din ugrundan alym.He is a professor in religious studies.4postsense, meaning, methodOnuň aýdýanlarynyň ugry bar.there is sense in what he saysOnuň gepiniň ugry ýok.His speech is meaningless.e.g. intellectual5nside, vergeýoluň ugrythe roadside, vergeýoluň ugrundaon the verge of the roadOl size haýsy ugurdan garyndaş?From which side is he related to you?Ol biziň daýy ugrumyzdan bolmaly.He must be from our uncle's side.ugruna çykmakcomp.to startDoganym kiçi gyzyny ýitirende barymyz gözlegiň ugruna çykdyk.When my brother lost his little daughter, we all started looking for her.Biz palaw bişirmäň ugruna çykdykWe started to prepare pilau.ugur almakcomp.v1to find a way, succeed, improveBiziň işimiz ugur alyp başlady.Our business is improving.Indi biziňem tikinçilik kärhanamyz ugur alyp başlady.Now, our dress-making enterprise has started to improve.2to follow the example, act according toDurmuşyň kynçylygyny ýeňip geçmek üçin biz ene-atalarymyzdan ugur almaly.To overcome difficulties, we should follow the example of our parents.ugur haýyr bola!comp.a) All the best! b) Where are you going?Ugur haýyr bola! Nirä ugradyňyz?May your trip be successful! Where are you going?ugur tapmakcomp.vto find a way, to take off (in figurative sense), to take an example fromOglum şäherde ýitende, özi ugur tapyp gelipdir.When my son got lost in the city, he found a way out and came home by himself.ugruna bolmakunspec. comp. formto be successfulMeniň täze açan işim ugruna boldy.My new business was successful.
ulanylmakv1to use, to be usedUlanylmak üçin mekdep okuwçylaryna täze kompýuterler getirildi.New computers were bought for the schoolchildren to use.Mekdebe ulanylmak üçin täze metodika girizildi.A new methodology was introduced for use in school.Maýonezden boşan bankalary soň ulanmak üçin goýarlar.Mayonnaise jars are kept for re-use.Ulanmak üçin mekdep okuwçylaryna täze kompýuterler getirildi.New computers were bought for the schoolchildren to use.Mekdebe ulanmak üçin täze metodika girizildi.A new method was inserted to be used in school.objects, methods2to be followed, pay attention to, useBirinji gezek köke bişireniňde resept ulanmaly.When cooking biscuits for the first time, you should follow a recipe.rules, instructions, recipies, signsulanylancomp.adjused, second-handMeniň pulum täze maşyna ýetmänsoň , ulanylan maşyn almaly boldum.Since I didn't have enough money to buy a new car, I had to buy a used one.
ulgamcfsistemandunegum ulgamlarysand dunesulgam-ulgamcomp.nhillyKöpetdagyň eteginde ulgam-ulgam baýyrlar bar.There are many hills in the foothills of the Kopetdag mountains.
umytumy:tn1hopeMen ekzameniňi tabşyrarsyň diýip umyt edýän.I hope you will pass your exams.2UmytUmyt örän zehinli okuwçy.Umyt is a very talented student.a man's nameumydyňy üzmekcomp.vto stop hopingOl adamsyna umydyny üzmän garaşyp, ýoluna seredip otyrdy.She was sat waiting for her husband expectantly, watching the road he would come down.umyt baglamakcomp.vto hope, pin one's hopes onAtamyrat gullugyny sag-aman dynyp geler diýip, ejesi umyt baglap garaşdy.Atamyrat's mother had waited hoping that he would return from the army fit and healthy.umyt etmekcomp.vto hopeMen sizi ýene-de görerin diýip umyt edýärin.I hope I will see you again.Basym kakam uruşdan geler diýip, Söhbet umyt edip garaşýardy.Sohbet had been waiting hopefully that soon his father would return from the war.umytdan gaçmakcomp.vto lose hopeIkinji gezek ýokary okuw jaýyna girip bilmän Merjen umytdan gaçyp aglady.Failing to enter the university for the second time, Merjen lost hope and cried.
urpntraditionTürkmen halkynyň ýüzden gowrak urp-adaty bar.The Turkmen nation has more than a hundred traditions.urp-adatcomp.urp-a:datntraditions, customsGoňşyokara türkmenlerde gadymdan gelýän urp-adatdyr.Gongshyokara is an ancient tradition with the Turkmen.
uşakadj1tiny, smallMen çagalar bagynda işlämde uşak çagalar bilen işläp başladym.When I worked in the kindergarten I started to work with small children.Meniň uşaklam çagalar bagyndan entek gelenoklar.My little children did not come home from kindergarten yet.Men kiçi çagakam doganlarym meni uşak hasaplap oýunlaryna goşanokdylar.When I was little my brothers did not let me join in with their games as they thought I was too small.Men öý üçin uşak zat satyn almaly, sabyn, şampun, el süpürlýän solfetka bilen telefona sim.I have to buy bits and bobs for home: soap, shampoo, kitchen paper, and a SIM card for the phone.2intricateGaýmany uşak gaýanymdan soň gözlerim ýadady.My eyes became tired after stitching intricate embroidery.3finedükandan uşak duz tapman iri duz almaly boldum.I could not find fine salt in the shop and had to buy big salt.4petty, insignificantHojalygyň uşak işleri: içerleri, çagalaň oýnjaklaryny ýygnaýançam, ütük edýançäm bir salkynymy aldy.The household chores took half my day: to clean the rooms, tidy up the children's toys and to iron.uşak-düşekcomp.bits and bobsMen öý üçin uşak-düşek, sabyn, şampun, el süpürilýän süpürgiç bilen telefona sim satyn almaly.I have to buy bits and bobs for home: soap, shampoo, kitchen paper, and a SIM card for the phone.
uýluknhiphaçanda oturanymda men uýlugymy agyrtdymWhen I sat down I hurt my hip.anatomyuýluk süňkicomp.femurUýluk süňki döwülse, agyryly bolýar.When you break your femur, it is so painful.
u:çn1end, extremity, edge, end of cloth, stringetiň ujundanfrom the peace of the meat2point, edge, point, tip, top of one's head; bottom of one's feetMeniň saçymyň ujy gyrylansoň gyrkdym.Because my hair got split ends, I cut it.Skotçyň ujyny aňsat tapar ýaly epläp goýaryn.I will fold the edge of sellotape to find it easily.Köýnegimi gasamda iňňäň ujy barmagyma çümdi.When I shortened my dress, the tip of the needle stuck into my finger.Serdar galama uç çykarmak üçin artyp başlady.Serdan began to sharpen the pencil.Daýanç bilen Guwanç hersi ýüpüň ujyny agaja daňyp hiňňildik ýasadylar.Dayanch and Guwanch made a swing by tying the end of the rope to the tree.Atam ýetmişiň ujyndan gädip ugrady, ýöne şonda-da sport bilen türgenleşýärdi.Even though my grandfather has turned seventy, he still trains as a sportsmen.Balerinalar barmaklarynyň ujunda tans edýärler.Ballerinas dance on the tip of their feet.Aýak ujuňa ýorgan goýdum, ýapynsaň.If you want to cover, I put a blanket at the bottom of your feet.If you want to cover, I put blanket at the bottom of your feet.kelebiň ujuny ýitirmek (bulaşmak)comp.vunable to find a solutionMeret durmuşda kelebiň ujuny ýitirip arakhor boldy.Meret could not find any solution to life and became an addict.ýeriň aňry ujycomp.edge of the earthŞirin Wepa bilen ýeriň aňry ujynada gitmage kaýyldy.Shirin was ready to go to the edge of the earth with Wepa.