Seret Türkmençe-iňlisçe sözlügi

 

Türkmençe - iňlisçe


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durmakcfturmakv1to stopDur!Stop!2to be (located), to standTereziniň bir taýynda metjit, bir taýynda bolsa aýranly okara duranmyş.A mosque was on one side of the scales, and on the other side a bowl of soured milk.3to cost4to be, existÖňde duran wezipeler, edilmeli işler ýeňil--ýelpaý däl.The duties that are before [us] and the jobs that [we] must do are not easy.5to be in the position of, standOl barýan birden durdy.He stopped suddenly while moving.Stoluň üstünde kitap durdy.There was a book sitting on the tablehäkimiýet başynda durmakto be at the head of the governmentbir partiýada durmakTo be in one partyBatly barýan maşyn sakga durdy.The speeding car suddenly stopped.Penjiräň öňünde otag gülleri durdy.There was a vase of flowers in front of the window.Uly maşgalaň başynda durmak üçin akylly hem paýhasly bolmaly.To be the head of a large family one should be wise and clever. Mekdep direktory kiçi döwletiň başynda jogapkär bolup durýar.The director of the school is responsible for a small state.Duralgadaky oglan maňa seredip dur.The boy at the bus-stop is looking at me. Ot henizem ýanyp dur.The fire is still burning.Kakam maşyny otlap dur.My father is starting his car.Aýşat gapyň aňyrsynda gizlenip durýar.Ayshat is hiding behind the door. Häkimiýet başynda durmak işleýänler köp, ýöne başarýanlar az.There are many people want to be head of government, but not many people are up to it.jobdurcomp.du:rdu:raux. v1standOl garaşyp dur.He's waiting.Gelip dur!Come again!Bir garyp aglap duranda, Ýanynda gülüji bolma.When a poor person is crying, don't stand next to them laughing.(following gerund) marks the continuous mood2standingOl aýak üstünde dur.He is on his feet.Men dura dura ýadadym!I'm tired of standing!as predicate3keep_doingOl garaşyp dur.He is waiting.Gelip dur!Come again!Suw akyp dur.The water keeps flowing/running.Öňde möhüm wezipeler dur.There are important jobs ahead of us.Daşarda ýagyş ýagyp dur.It is raining outside.Kir ýuwyjy maşyn işläp dur.The washing machine is on.Maşyn swetoforyň ýaşyl çyrasyna garaşyp dur.The car is waiting for a green light at the traffic lights. Yşygyň öňünde dur.He is standing under a light. Ol aýak üstünde dur.He is standing up. Men dura-dura ýadadym!I am tired of standing up for so long!arka durmakto be on somebody's side or to protect somebody
durmuşcfdurmuş gurmakcomp. ofdurmuşdurmuşa çykanöýlendirmeköýlenenöýlenmediköýlenmekn1life (time of existence), lifetimebagtly durmuşhappy lifeagyr durmuşhard lifedurmuş akymythe flow/river of lifeDurmuşyň ajysyny gören süýjüsiniň gadyr-gymmatyny biler.The one who experiences distress in life will know it’s value.Çagalyk döwriň bagtly we şatlykly durmuşyň birisi.Childhood is a time of happiness and joy.2life (mode of existence), livingdurmuş toýweddingdurmuş ýolythe way of life, course of one's lifeDurmuş ýoly näçe agyram bolsa biz şony ýeňip geçmeli.We must win in our walk through life in spite of the difficulties.Durmuşyň öz kanunlary bar.Life has its own laws.Turkmenistan Garaşsyzlygyny alanyndan soň durmuş şertleri gowulandy.Since Turkmenistan gained independence living conditions have improved. jemgyýetçilik durmuşycommunity lifedurmuş toýywedding celebrationdurmuş gurmakcomp.cfdurmuşdurmuşa çykanöýlendirmeköýlenenöýlenmediköýlenmekvto marry, get marriedDurmuş gurmak üçin öz taýyňy tapmaly.In order to marry you need to find your partner.it durmuşycomp.a dog's lifeIşçileriň ýagdaýy it durmuşyThe condition of workers is a dog's life.durmuşa çykmakunspec. comp. formto marry, get marriedMen Oraza durmuşa çykjak däl.I refuse to marry Oraz.Only refers to girls. For boys see öýlenmek.
duş2du:şnmeeting, encounter, occurrenceduş gelmekcomp.1to occur, be faced withMunuň ýaly ýagdaý gündogar halklarynyň edebiýatynda juda seýrek duş gelýär.In a similar way the people from the east rarely read literature.Deň etmän, duş etmez. Don't compare, you won't encounter [trouble].Hudaý bela-betere duş etmesin-dä!May God not let us encounter trouble!2to meet, encounterýolda duş gelmekto meet someone on the wayBiz tokaýda tilkä duş geldik.We encountered a fox in the forest.
duşmanduşma:nnenemyDuşmandan ýagşylyga garaşyp bolmaz.Do not expect good from your enemy. Duşmanyň gülenine ynanma.Do not believe your enemy’s smile. duşman bolmakto be enemiesIrdenki naharyňy özüň iý,günortan naharyňy dostuň bilen paýlaş,agşam naharyňy duşmanyňa ber.Eat your breakfast yourself, share your dinner with your friend and give your supper to your enemy. Duşmanyň goşuny derbi-dagyn edildi.The enemy's army has been destroyed. Kiçijik düşünişmezlik üçin duşman bolduk.From a small misunderstanding we became enemies.Duşman gazanmak aňsat, ýöne hakyky dostlugy gazanmak kyn.It is easy to become an enemy, but it is hard to find a true friend.Çilim saglygyň duşmanydyr. Cigarettes are a danger to health. duşmanyň saklama, syryň bilmesinsay.Do not keep off your enemy, do not let him know your secret.
düýpcfesasfundament1nbase, bottom, deepest partdeňziň düýbithe bottom of the sea Deňiziň düýbi çüň hem ajaýyp.The bottom of the sea is a long way down and wonderful.Köne guýynyň düýbi gurapdyr.The bottom of the old well was dried out.çelegiň düýbithe bottom of the bucketgazanyň düýbithe bottom of the potSerhoş çüýşäň düýbüni görmän turmady.The drunk did not stop drinking until he finished the bottle.düýpde oturmakto sit on the bottommeseläniň düýbüne ýetmekget to the bottom of problem Gadyrly myhmanyň ýeri otagyň düýbünde.The place for a polite guest is at the back of the room.2nroot, base of plantdüýp tutmakto put down roots, get establishedÇynaryň düýbi gaty çuňa gidýär.The root of the plane tree goes deep. Guran agajy kesmän düýbi bilen gopardylar.They uprooted the dried tree instead of chopping it down.Täze eken güllerimiz düýp tutupdyr.Our newly planted flowers have taken root.Agyrly dişimiň düýbi berk bolanlygy sebäpli sogurman,bejerdiler.Because the root of my aching tooth was impossible to remove, the dentist treated it instead of pulling it out.3nbulb (of a plant), headbir düýp sarymsakone head of garlicBir düýp sarymsakda bäş-alty sany däne bolýar.There are five to six cloves in each bulb of garlic.4nfoundation, basementtamyň düýbihouse's foundationUssalar täze tamyň düýbüni tutdylar.Builders put in the foundations of the new house. grammar5adjmain, essential, fundamental, key, root, foundationdüýp işlikroot verbdüýp derejefoundation level [in your studies]Meseläň düýp sebäbini bilmek üçin hemme taraplaýyn derňemeli.To find the fundamental reason for the problem all aspects must be investigated. düýp mazmunthe key conceptdüýbüne ýetmekcomp.vTo reach to the bottom

Ummanyň düýbüne ýetmek mumkin däl.It is impossible to reach to the bottom of the ocean.
düýbüni tutmakcomp.vto base, found, establishUly işiň düýbini tutmak üçin köp işler edilmeli.To establish a major work many things must be done.düýp tutmakcomp.vto put down roots, get established, to take root, settleGeldi agalar köp ýyl mundan ozal göçüp gelip bu ýerde düýp tutdular.Geldi moved and settled here many years ago.düýp agaçunspec. comp. formsapling treeon düýp agaçten sapling treesWelaýatlarda hem 1,5 million düýp agaç nahallary oturdylar. They planted 1.5 million sapling trees in the provinces.
düýnadvyesterdayOl düýn geldi.He came yesterday.düýn-öňňincomp.düýn-öňňi:nadvrecently, not long ago, a day or two ago, a couple of days ago
duzdu:zn1saltJebelde duz käni bar.There is plenty of salt in Jebel. Deňiz duzy adamy suwyň ýüzünde saklaýar.The salt in sea water helps a person float. Himiýa sapagynda duz kislotasynyň reaksiýasyny geçirdik.We studied the reactivity of hydrochloric acid in our chemistry lesson.duza ýatyrmakto put in salt waterHyýar bilen pomidory duza ýatyrdym.I put cucumber and tomato into salt water. 2tastenaharyň duzythe taste of foodDuzuny dat!Have a taste!Duzdan uly bolma.Don't think you're too good to eat the food.Naharyň duzy ýuwan,ýene biraz atmaly.The food is tasteless, it needs more salt. duz datmakto tasteMen gelen myhmanlara duz-çörek berdim.I gave a meal to the guests who came.Gapyň agzynda durmada içerik gir, duz dat.Do not stand at the door, come in and taste.duz iýişmekcomp.vto be on good relations with someoneDostuň gowusy Arslan men köp ýyl bäri şol oglan bilen duz iýişýän.My best friend is Arslan, we have been good friends for years.duz-tagamcomp.du:z-tagamnmeal, foodMyhmançylykda duz-tagam iýip,soňra dutar diňläp oturdyk.Being guests we ate a meal and then listened to the dutar.duzy gaçancomp.adjunsaltedDuzy gaçan gürrüň aýtmada, täzeliklerden habar ber.Do not tell us boring things, but give us real news.söziň duzy ýokcomp.Seniň aýdýan sözleriň duzy ýok,manysy ýok.ýarasyna duz sepmekcomp.1to rub salt into the wound2to rub salt intoÝüregimdäki ýarama duz sepme,goýaly şol gürrüňi.Don't rub salt into my wounds, let's stop this talk.
düzgüncfdüzgün-nyzamn1order, sequenceişleri düzgüne getirmekto bring order to the workIş tertibimizi düzgüne saldyk.We order our work schedule.Öňkiden şu günki düzgünimiz has gowulandy.Today's rule is better than before.2conduct, order, controlözüňe düzgün etmekto control oneselfÖzüňe düzgün edinen zatlaryň soňra endik bolýar.If you order things in your life they will become a habit. 3rule, procedure, tenet, regulationdüzgün boýunçaaccording to the regulation(s)Düzgüni saklasaň tertipli bolýaň.If you keep the rules, you are disciplined.Çagalara düzgüni saklamany kiçiliginden öwretmeli.We should teach children to keep the rules from a young age.düzgün boýunçaaccording to the rules Düzgün boýunça telewizory pultdan söndireniňden soňra tokdan öçürmeli.According to the instructions, after you have switched off the TV you must switch off at the mains. Elektro gurallary düzgün boýunça ulansaň berk hem uzak ulanarsyň.If you use electrical instruments as instructed they will last a long time.4system, regimekommunistik düzgünCommunist regimegulçulyk düzgünislaveryharby düzgünmilitary regimeGünde irden bedenterbiýe maşklaryny etmek özüme düzgün edindim.I have a regime of doing exercises early every morning.düzgün-tertipcomp.regulations, system, body of rulesHer ýerde,her kim bolsaňam düzgün-tertibi saklamaly.Everyone whoever they are, wherever they are, should keep the rules.Düzgün-tertibi bozsaň käýenç eşidersiň.If you break the rules you will be admonished.
depmekv1to kickGarawul tussagy depdi. The guard kicked the prisoner.2to dig, loosen (earth), tread (grapes)ýer depmekto dig3to adamantly refuse, refuse categorically4to race off, leave suddenlyEşek semrese, eýesini depersay.If a donkey grows fat, it will kick its owner
duruzmakv1to stop, make someone stop, pull upawtobusy duruzmakto stop the busstanogy duruzmakto stop the latheişi duruzmakto stop work, bring the work to a stopGörkezip duran wideo magnitofony pauzasyna basyp duruzdum.I stopped the video tape recorder by pressing pause.Merkeze gitmek üçin taksini duruzdym.I hailed a taxi to go to the centre.Edip oturan işimizi duruzyp, arakesme etdik.We stopped work and took a break. 2to stand, putçagany dik duruzmakto stand a baby up on their feetJigime ýöremäni öwretmek üçin elinden tutup dik duruzdum.In order to teach to my little sister to walk I stopped holding her hand and made her stand.Aýaz baba çagalary hatara duruzyp sowgat berdi,Santa Claus stood the children in line and gave them each a present. hatara duruzmakcomp.vto line up, put up
dünýän1world, creationdünýä inmekto be borndünýä indermekto give birth toBu dünýä haçan döredikä?When was the world created?Tebigaty we dünýäni adam zat üýtgetmäge haky ýok.Man does not have the right to change the natural world. dünýä belli adamwell-known man of the worldMosart öz ajaýyp sazlary bilen dünýä belli bolan adam.Mozart is world renowned for his beautiful music. dünýäniň çempionythe world championdünýäden ötmekto diedünýäden bihabarignorantSen dünýäden bihabar şu täzelikleri entek eşitmedik bolsaň!You will remain ignorant if you do not hear this news. dünýäden habarlyto know everything Telewizordan täzelikleri diňleseň dünýäden habarly edýär.If you listen to the news on television you will know everything.dünýäden el üzmekto dieAlty aý ýarawsuzlydan soň atam dünýäden el üzdi.My grandfather died after a six month illness. dünýäň daralmakto be narrow mindeddünýäňi täzelemekto dieGiňdir dünýä, geňdir dünýä.The world is wide, the world is strange.haýwanat dünýäsifaunaösümlik dünýäsifloraGowy adam dünýäden ötse-de, ady ötmeýär.If a good person dies, his name lives on. Ýer biziň dünýämiz.The Earth is our environment.dünýäniň dürli künjegindefour corners of the EarthJahankeşdeler dünýäni gezip,dünýäň köp gözelliklerini görýärler.People travel all over the world to see the beautiful sights.2world, realmDünýä dursun, sen dur Türkmenistanym! Long live the World, long live Turkmenistan! 3this world, the temporal worldo dünýä, bu dunýäcomp.the afterlife, this lifeMen o dünýä, bu dunýä kakamdan razydyryn.I am satisfied with my father the afterlife and this life.
direlmekdi:relmekvto resurrect, resuscitate, rise from the dead, come back to life, reviveGark bolan adamy suwdan çykaryp, emeli usul bilen dem berensoňlar täzeden direldi.The drowned man revived after he was removed from the water and given artificial respiration. Ruh ruhdan döräpdir. The spirit was created from spirit. ölüp direlmekcomp.to die and rise againZenan maşgala dünýä täze jan indirmek üçin bir ölüp direlýär.Women have to die and rise again in order to give life to a newborn.
dürnpearlonuň elinden dür dökülýärcomp.he is master of his craft, he has a clever pairs of hands, he can turn his hand to anything, he is a Jack of all tradesMyrat hemme zat bejerip bilýär, onuň elinden dür dökülýär.Myrat can make everything, he is master of his craft.
dogulmakvto be borndoglan günbirthdayOl uruş başlananda doglupdyr.He was born when the war started.Durmuşda öz ýeriňi tapmak, öz halkyňa ýürekden hyzmat etmek bagtly bolup dogulmakdyr.perdede dogulmakcomp.to be born with a silver spoon in one's mouthMeniň elmydama edenim ugruna bolýar, perdede doglanym ýaly.Everything I do works out successfully, as if I was born with a silver spoon in my mouth.
damarnvein, nerve, tendon, sinewgan damaryblood vessel, veinnerw damarlarynervesýaşyl ýaprakdaky damarlarveins in a plantýeňse damary gatamakid.for one's blood to run coldBu habary eşidip, meniň ýeňse damarym gatady.After hearing this news my blood ran cold.
-da2da:cf-dä-de1conjunctionsfx1andAýna-da, Aknur-da iňlis dilini öwrenýärler.5Both Ayna and Aknur learn English.2but3even thoughÇagyrsam-da gelmedi.Though I invited her, she didn't come.Sen ýalňyşýaň-da!You're mistaken!
dabalamakda:balamakvto trample (by a camel)
dabanda:bann1sole (of the foot), dial: heel, footDabanyň gyzmasa, bedeniň ýylamaýar.If your heel doesn't get hot your body won't get warm.dabanyňa köz basylan ýaly bolmaklike putting a burning coal on your foot/heel depesinden dabanyna çenlifrom head to foot2foot, inchWatanyň her daban ýeri mukaddesdir.Every foot/inch of the country is holy.3earnings, wagesdaban azaby the wages of toil
dabaran1celebration, festivity, feastmaşgala dabarasyfamily celebration2exuberant high spirits, excitement, enthusiasmOl şol geýimlerli geýnip, dabara bilen klasa girdi.Putting on those clothes, he strode into the class with great aplomb.Ol beslenip, dabar bilen öňe çykdy.She put on her make-up then set out with excitement.3victory, triumph, glory, successdabara bilen aýtmakto announce something triumphantly
dabaralamakv1to glorify, crown with glory, win fame (for)2to hold someone in esteem, revere, pay/do homage (to)myhmany dabaralamakto honour a guest
dabaralyadj1festive, celebratorydabaralamak güngala day, feast day2grand, high, important, ceremonial, solemndabaraly ýygnaksolemn meetingdabaraly wakasolemn occasiondabaraly senean important datedabaraly geçen maslahatimportant advicedabaraly kasam içmekto swear a solemn oathdabaraly bölümofficial part, the ceremony
dady-perýatda:dy-perýa:tcfdat; perýatntears of grief, loud and bitter cries
dadyrmakda:dyrmakv1to treatýoldaşyňa dadyrmakto treat one's friend (to)Täze ýetişen miwäni ilki çagalara dadyrmaly.Fresh fruit should firstly be given to the children, as a treat.2to encourage someone to tastenaharyň tagamyny dadyrmakto encourage someone to taste the food
dag1da:gnmountaindagyň etegithe foot of the mountainDagdan belent näme bar?What is higher than a mountain?dag howasymountain weatherdag jynsyrock strata
dag1
dag2da:gnstamp, branddag basmakto brandýürekde dag galmakto be affected


Seret Türkmençe-iňlisçe sözlügi

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durmakcfturmakv1to stopDur!Stop!2to be (located), to standTereziniň bir taýynda metjit, bir taýynda bolsa aýranly okara duranmyş.A mosque was on one side of the scales, and on the other side a bowl of soured milk.3to cost4to be, existÖňde duran wezipeler, edilmeli işler ýeňil--ýelpaý däl.The duties that are before [us] and the jobs that [we] must do are not easy.5to be in the position of, standOl barýan birden durdy.He stopped suddenly while moving.Stoluň üstünde kitap durdy.There was a book sitting on the tablehäkimiýet başynda durmakto be at the head of the governmentbir partiýada durmakTo be in one partyBatly barýan maşyn sakga durdy.The speeding car suddenly stopped.Penjiräň öňünde otag gülleri durdy.There was a vase of flowers in front of the window.Uly maşgalaň başynda durmak üçin akylly hem paýhasly bolmaly.To be the head of a large family one should be wise and clever. Mekdep direktory kiçi döwletiň başynda jogapkär bolup durýar.The director of the school is responsible for a small state.Duralgadaky oglan maňa seredip dur.The boy at the bus-stop is looking at me. Ot henizem ýanyp dur.The fire is still burning.Kakam maşyny otlap dur.My father is starting his car.Aýşat gapyň aňyrsynda gizlenip durýar.Ayshat is hiding behind the door. Häkimiýet başynda durmak işleýänler köp, ýöne başarýanlar az.There are many people want to be head of government, but not many people are up to it.jobdurcomp.du:rdu:raux. v1standOl garaşyp dur.He's waiting.Gelip dur!Come again!Bir garyp aglap duranda, Ýanynda gülüji bolma.When a poor person is crying, don't stand next to them laughing.(following gerund) marks the continuous mood2standingOl aýak üstünde dur.He is on his feet.Men dura dura ýadadym!I'm tired of standing!as predicate3keep_doingOl garaşyp dur.He is waiting.Gelip dur!Come again!Suw akyp dur.The water keeps flowing/running.Öňde möhüm wezipeler dur.There are important jobs ahead of us.Daşarda ýagyş ýagyp dur.It is raining outside.Kir ýuwyjy maşyn işläp dur.The washing machine is on.Maşyn swetoforyň ýaşyl çyrasyna garaşyp dur.The car is waiting for a green light at the traffic lights. Yşygyň öňünde dur.He is standing under a light. Ol aýak üstünde dur.He is standing up. Men dura-dura ýadadym!I am tired of standing up for so long!arka durmakto be on somebody's side or to protect somebody
durmuşcfdurmuş gurmakcomp. ofdurmuşdurmuşa çykanöýlendirmeköýlenenöýlenmediköýlenmekn1life (time of existence), lifetimebagtly durmuşhappy lifeagyr durmuşhard lifedurmuş akymythe flow/river of lifeDurmuşyň ajysyny gören süýjüsiniň gadyr-gymmatyny biler.The one who experiences distress in life will know it’s value.Çagalyk döwriň bagtly we şatlykly durmuşyň birisi.Childhood is a time of happiness and joy.2life (mode of existence), livingdurmuş toýweddingdurmuş ýolythe way of life, course of one's lifeDurmuş ýoly näçe agyram bolsa biz şony ýeňip geçmeli.We must win in our walk through life in spite of the difficulties.Durmuşyň öz kanunlary bar.Life has its own laws.Turkmenistan Garaşsyzlygyny alanyndan soň durmuş şertleri gowulandy.Since Turkmenistan gained independence living conditions have improved. jemgyýetçilik durmuşycommunity lifedurmuş toýywedding celebrationdurmuş gurmakcomp.cfdurmuşdurmuşa çykanöýlendirmeköýlenenöýlenmediköýlenmekvto marry, get marriedDurmuş gurmak üçin öz taýyňy tapmaly.In order to marry you need to find your partner.it durmuşycomp.a dog's lifeIşçileriň ýagdaýy it durmuşyThe condition of workers is a dog's life.durmuşa çykmakunspec. comp. formto marry, get marriedMen Oraza durmuşa çykjak däl.I refuse to marry Oraz.Only refers to girls. For boys see öýlenmek.
duş2du:şnmeeting, encounter, occurrenceduş gelmekcomp.1to occur, be faced withMunuň ýaly ýagdaý gündogar halklarynyň edebiýatynda juda seýrek duş gelýär.In a similar way the people from the east rarely read literature.Deň etmän, duş etmez. Don't compare, you won't encounter [trouble].Hudaý bela-betere duş etmesin-dä!May God not let us encounter trouble!2to meet, encounterýolda duş gelmekto meet someone on the wayBiz tokaýda tilkä duş geldik.We encountered a fox in the forest.
duşmanduşma:nnenemyDuşmandan ýagşylyga garaşyp bolmaz.Do not expect good from your enemy. Duşmanyň gülenine ynanma.Do not believe your enemy’s smile. duşman bolmakto be enemiesIrdenki naharyňy özüň iý,günortan naharyňy dostuň bilen paýlaş,agşam naharyňy duşmanyňa ber.Eat your breakfast yourself, share your dinner with your friend and give your supper to your enemy. Duşmanyň goşuny derbi-dagyn edildi.The enemy's army has been destroyed. Kiçijik düşünişmezlik üçin duşman bolduk.From a small misunderstanding we became enemies.Duşman gazanmak aňsat, ýöne hakyky dostlugy gazanmak kyn.It is easy to become an enemy, but it is hard to find a true friend.Çilim saglygyň duşmanydyr. Cigarettes are a danger to health. duşmanyň saklama, syryň bilmesinsay.Do not keep off your enemy, do not let him know your secret.
düýpcfesasfundament1nbase, bottom, deepest partdeňziň düýbithe bottom of the sea Deňiziň düýbi çüň hem ajaýyp.The bottom of the sea is a long way down and wonderful.Köne guýynyň düýbi gurapdyr.The bottom of the old well was dried out.çelegiň düýbithe bottom of the bucketgazanyň düýbithe bottom of the potSerhoş çüýşäň düýbüni görmän turmady.The drunk did not stop drinking until he finished the bottle.düýpde oturmakto sit on the bottommeseläniň düýbüne ýetmekget to the bottom of problem Gadyrly myhmanyň ýeri otagyň düýbünde.The place for a polite guest is at the back of the room.2nroot, base of plantdüýp tutmakto put down roots, get establishedÇynaryň düýbi gaty çuňa gidýär.The root of the plane tree goes deep. Guran agajy kesmän düýbi bilen gopardylar.They uprooted the dried tree instead of chopping it down.Täze eken güllerimiz düýp tutupdyr.Our newly planted flowers have taken root.Agyrly dişimiň düýbi berk bolanlygy sebäpli sogurman,bejerdiler.Because the root of my aching tooth was impossible to remove, the dentist treated it instead of pulling it out.3nbulb (of a plant), headbir düýp sarymsakone head of garlicBir düýp sarymsakda bäş-alty sany däne bolýar.There are five to six cloves in each bulb of garlic.4nfoundation, basementtamyň düýbihouse's foundationUssalar täze tamyň düýbüni tutdylar.Builders put in the foundations of the new house. grammar5adjmain, essential, fundamental, key, root, foundationdüýp işlikroot verbdüýp derejefoundation level [in your studies]Meseläň düýp sebäbini bilmek üçin hemme taraplaýyn derňemeli.To find the fundamental reason for the problem all aspects must be investigated. düýp mazmunthe key conceptdüýbüne ýetmekcomp.vTo reach to the bottom

Ummanyň düýbüne ýetmek mumkin däl.It is impossible to reach to the bottom of the ocean.
düýbüni tutmakcomp.vto base, found, establishUly işiň düýbini tutmak üçin köp işler edilmeli.To establish a major work many things must be done.düýp tutmakcomp.vto put down roots, get established, to take root, settleGeldi agalar köp ýyl mundan ozal göçüp gelip bu ýerde düýp tutdular.Geldi moved and settled here many years ago.düýp agaçunspec. comp. formsapling treeon düýp agaçten sapling treesWelaýatlarda hem 1,5 million düýp agaç nahallary oturdylar. They planted 1.5 million sapling trees in the provinces.
düýnadvyesterdayOl düýn geldi.He came yesterday.düýn-öňňincomp.düýn-öňňi:nadvrecently, not long ago, a day or two ago, a couple of days ago
duzdu:zn1saltJebelde duz käni bar.There is plenty of salt in Jebel. Deňiz duzy adamy suwyň ýüzünde saklaýar.The salt in sea water helps a person float. Himiýa sapagynda duz kislotasynyň reaksiýasyny geçirdik.We studied the reactivity of hydrochloric acid in our chemistry lesson.duza ýatyrmakto put in salt waterHyýar bilen pomidory duza ýatyrdym.I put cucumber and tomato into salt water. 2tastenaharyň duzythe taste of foodDuzuny dat!Have a taste!Duzdan uly bolma.Don't think you're too good to eat the food.Naharyň duzy ýuwan,ýene biraz atmaly.The food is tasteless, it needs more salt. duz datmakto tasteMen gelen myhmanlara duz-çörek berdim.I gave a meal to the guests who came.Gapyň agzynda durmada içerik gir, duz dat.Do not stand at the door, come in and taste.duz iýişmekcomp.vto be on good relations with someoneDostuň gowusy Arslan men köp ýyl bäri şol oglan bilen duz iýişýän.My best friend is Arslan, we have been good friends for years.duz-tagamcomp.du:z-tagamnmeal, foodMyhmançylykda duz-tagam iýip,soňra dutar diňläp oturdyk.Being guests we ate a meal and then listened to the dutar.duzy gaçancomp.adjunsaltedDuzy gaçan gürrüň aýtmada, täzeliklerden habar ber.Do not tell us boring things, but give us real news.söziň duzy ýokcomp.Seniň aýdýan sözleriň duzy ýok,manysy ýok.ýarasyna duz sepmekcomp.1to rub salt into the wound2to rub salt intoÝüregimdäki ýarama duz sepme,goýaly şol gürrüňi.Don't rub salt into my wounds, let's stop this talk.
düzgüncfdüzgün-nyzamn1order, sequenceişleri düzgüne getirmekto bring order to the workIş tertibimizi düzgüne saldyk.We order our work schedule.Öňkiden şu günki düzgünimiz has gowulandy.Today's rule is better than before.2conduct, order, controlözüňe düzgün etmekto control oneselfÖzüňe düzgün edinen zatlaryň soňra endik bolýar.If you order things in your life they will become a habit. 3rule, procedure, tenet, regulationdüzgün boýunçaaccording to the regulation(s)Düzgüni saklasaň tertipli bolýaň.If you keep the rules, you are disciplined.Çagalara düzgüni saklamany kiçiliginden öwretmeli.We should teach children to keep the rules from a young age.düzgün boýunçaaccording to the rules Düzgün boýunça telewizory pultdan söndireniňden soňra tokdan öçürmeli.According to the instructions, after you have switched off the TV you must switch off at the mains. Elektro gurallary düzgün boýunça ulansaň berk hem uzak ulanarsyň.If you use electrical instruments as instructed they will last a long time.4system, regimekommunistik düzgünCommunist regimegulçulyk düzgünislaveryharby düzgünmilitary regimeGünde irden bedenterbiýe maşklaryny etmek özüme düzgün edindim.I have a regime of doing exercises early every morning.düzgün-tertipcomp.regulations, system, body of rulesHer ýerde,her kim bolsaňam düzgün-tertibi saklamaly.Everyone whoever they are, wherever they are, should keep the rules.Düzgün-tertibi bozsaň käýenç eşidersiň.If you break the rules you will be admonished.
depmekv1to kickGarawul tussagy depdi. The guard kicked the prisoner.2to dig, loosen (earth), tread (grapes)ýer depmekto dig3to adamantly refuse, refuse categorically4to race off, leave suddenlyEşek semrese, eýesini depersay.If a donkey grows fat, it will kick its owner
duruzmakv1to stop, make someone stop, pull upawtobusy duruzmakto stop the busstanogy duruzmakto stop the latheişi duruzmakto stop work, bring the work to a stopGörkezip duran wideo magnitofony pauzasyna basyp duruzdum.I stopped the video tape recorder by pressing pause.Merkeze gitmek üçin taksini duruzdym.I hailed a taxi to go to the centre.Edip oturan işimizi duruzyp, arakesme etdik.We stopped work and took a break. 2to stand, putçagany dik duruzmakto stand a baby up on their feetJigime ýöremäni öwretmek üçin elinden tutup dik duruzdum.In order to teach to my little sister to walk I stopped holding her hand and made her stand.Aýaz baba çagalary hatara duruzyp sowgat berdi,Santa Claus stood the children in line and gave them each a present. hatara duruzmakcomp.vto line up, put up
dünýän1world, creationdünýä inmekto be borndünýä indermekto give birth toBu dünýä haçan döredikä?When was the world created?Tebigaty we dünýäni adam zat üýtgetmäge haky ýok.Man does not have the right to change the natural world. dünýä belli adamwell-known man of the worldMosart öz ajaýyp sazlary bilen dünýä belli bolan adam.Mozart is world renowned for his beautiful music. dünýäniň çempionythe world championdünýäden ötmekto diedünýäden bihabarignorantSen dünýäden bihabar şu täzelikleri entek eşitmedik bolsaň!You will remain ignorant if you do not hear this news. dünýäden habarlyto know everything Telewizordan täzelikleri diňleseň dünýäden habarly edýär.If you listen to the news on television you will know everything.dünýäden el üzmekto dieAlty aý ýarawsuzlydan soň atam dünýäden el üzdi.My grandfather died after a six month illness. dünýäň daralmakto be narrow mindeddünýäňi täzelemekto dieGiňdir dünýä, geňdir dünýä.The world is wide, the world is strange.haýwanat dünýäsifaunaösümlik dünýäsifloraGowy adam dünýäden ötse-de, ady ötmeýär.If a good person dies, his name lives on. Ýer biziň dünýämiz.The Earth is our environment.dünýäniň dürli künjegindefour corners of the EarthJahankeşdeler dünýäni gezip,dünýäň köp gözelliklerini görýärler.People travel all over the world to see the beautiful sights.2world, realmDünýä dursun, sen dur Türkmenistanym! Long live the World, long live Turkmenistan! 3this world, the temporal worldo dünýä, bu dunýäcomp.the afterlife, this lifeMen o dünýä, bu dunýä kakamdan razydyryn.I am satisfied with my father the afterlife and this life.
direlmekdi:relmekvto resurrect, resuscitate, rise from the dead, come back to life, reviveGark bolan adamy suwdan çykaryp, emeli usul bilen dem berensoňlar täzeden direldi.The drowned man revived after he was removed from the water and given artificial respiration. Ruh ruhdan döräpdir. The spirit was created from spirit. ölüp direlmekcomp.to die and rise againZenan maşgala dünýä täze jan indirmek üçin bir ölüp direlýär.Women have to die and rise again in order to give life to a newborn.
dürnpearlonuň elinden dür dökülýärcomp.he is master of his craft, he has a clever pairs of hands, he can turn his hand to anything, he is a Jack of all tradesMyrat hemme zat bejerip bilýär, onuň elinden dür dökülýär.Myrat can make everything, he is master of his craft.
dogulmakvto be borndoglan günbirthdayOl uruş başlananda doglupdyr.He was born when the war started.Durmuşda öz ýeriňi tapmak, öz halkyňa ýürekden hyzmat etmek bagtly bolup dogulmakdyr.perdede dogulmakcomp.to be born with a silver spoon in one's mouthMeniň elmydama edenim ugruna bolýar, perdede doglanym ýaly.Everything I do works out successfully, as if I was born with a silver spoon in my mouth.
damarnvein, nerve, tendon, sinewgan damaryblood vessel, veinnerw damarlarynervesýaşyl ýaprakdaky damarlarveins in a plantýeňse damary gatamakid.for one's blood to run coldBu habary eşidip, meniň ýeňse damarym gatady.After hearing this news my blood ran cold.
-da2da:cf-dä-de1conjunctionsfx1andAýna-da, Aknur-da iňlis dilini öwrenýärler.5Both Ayna and Aknur learn English.2but3even thoughÇagyrsam-da gelmedi.Though I invited her, she didn't come.Sen ýalňyşýaň-da!You're mistaken!
dabalamakda:balamakvto trample (by a camel)
dabanda:bann1sole (of the foot), dial: heel, footDabanyň gyzmasa, bedeniň ýylamaýar.If your heel doesn't get hot your body won't get warm.dabanyňa köz basylan ýaly bolmaklike putting a burning coal on your foot/heel depesinden dabanyna çenlifrom head to foot2foot, inchWatanyň her daban ýeri mukaddesdir.Every foot/inch of the country is holy.3earnings, wagesdaban azaby the wages of toil
dabaran1celebration, festivity, feastmaşgala dabarasyfamily celebration2exuberant high spirits, excitement, enthusiasmOl şol geýimlerli geýnip, dabara bilen klasa girdi.Putting on those clothes, he strode into the class with great aplomb.Ol beslenip, dabar bilen öňe çykdy.She put on her make-up then set out with excitement.3victory, triumph, glory, successdabara bilen aýtmakto announce something triumphantly
dabaralamakv1to glorify, crown with glory, win fame (for)2to hold someone in esteem, revere, pay/do homage (to)myhmany dabaralamakto honour a guest
dabaralyadj1festive, celebratorydabaralamak güngala day, feast day2grand, high, important, ceremonial, solemndabaraly ýygnaksolemn meetingdabaraly wakasolemn occasiondabaraly senean important datedabaraly geçen maslahatimportant advicedabaraly kasam içmekto swear a solemn oathdabaraly bölümofficial part, the ceremony
dady-perýatda:dy-perýa:tcfdat; perýatntears of grief, loud and bitter cries
dadyrmakda:dyrmakv1to treatýoldaşyňa dadyrmakto treat one's friend (to)Täze ýetişen miwäni ilki çagalara dadyrmaly.Fresh fruit should firstly be given to the children, as a treat.2to encourage someone to tastenaharyň tagamyny dadyrmakto encourage someone to taste the food
dag1da:gnmountaindagyň etegithe foot of the mountainDagdan belent näme bar?What is higher than a mountain?dag howasymountain weatherdag jynsyrock strata
dag1
dag2da:gnstamp, branddag basmakto brandýürekde dag galmakto be affected