Seret Türkmençe-iňlisçe sözlügi

 

Türkmençe - iňlisçe


b


bijebi:jenlotbije atmakto cast lotsbije çekmekto draw lots (e.g. straws)Oýun başlamazdan öň, bije atmaly.Before starting the game you need to cast lots.Bijeli oglan aglamazunspec. comp. formThe boy who wins won't cry
bikärbi:käradjidleMaksat bikär durmuşda ýaşamagy isleýär.Maksat wants to lead an idle life.Bikärden taňry bizarsay.God will make you tired of being idle
baglamakba:glamakv1to tieÇapyksuwar atyň eýerini berk baglap münýär.Jockeys tie the horse's saddle on tight and then mount.Sürüden gelen sygyrlary gijesine gazyga baglaýarlar.Cows that come in from the herd are tied to a post at night.Balykçylar tutan balygyny tora salyp, ýüp bilen agzyny baglap, suwda saklaýarlar.Fish caught by fishermen are put in a net in the water with the mouth tied up with string.Gyzlar sähra çykyp, owadan güllerden çemen bagladylar.Girls went out into the steppe and tied up bouquets of beautiful flowers.Gözbagçy tomaşaçylaryň gözüni baglap, oýun görkezdi.The hypnotist tied up the spectator's eyes and demonstrated a trick.2to lockSürüjiler maşynyň howpsuzlygy üçin ony baglap goýýarlar.Drivers park and lock the car for safety.Ýygylan bugdaýy ammara bagladylar.They locked the gathered wheat in a barn.Kärhananyň işgärleriniň iş wagty gutarandan soň, garawul gapyny baglaýar.After the workers at the workshop have finished work the night-watchman locks the door.3to shut off, fenceÝollar remont edilende, daş-töweregini baglaýarlar.When they repair the roads they shut them off from outside traffic.Mallar mellege girip ösümligi zaýalamazlygy üçin, mellegiň töweregini baglaýarlar.When domestic animals enter the field they fence the field in to stop them harming the plants.4to linkGoşulmalar sözleri biri-birine baglaýarlar.Affixes link words to each other.grammarbil baglacomp.to resolve; to trust, rely onýüregiňi baglamakcomp.to steal your heartTürkmen haly muzeýinde gören halym ýüregimi baglady.The carpet I saw in the Turkmen carpet museum stole my heart.
bilbi:ln1waistinçe billi gyznarrow-waisted girl2backTaýyp ýykylamda bilimi agyrtdym.When I slipped and fell over I hurt my back.biliň agyrmakfor one to have (lower) back painbil baglamakcomp.to resolve; to trust inŞu gün altmyş kile pagta ýygmaga bilimi bagladym.Today I resolved to collect sixty kilos of cotton.bil bükmekcomp.to be bent over, to be drained (phys. and/or emotional)bil ýazmakcomp.to rest (sitting or lying down)bili gelmek/açylmakcomp.to have/begin one's monthly periodDil bilen orak orsaň, bil agyrmazsay.If you harvest with your tongue, your back won't hurt
bilimbilimn1knowledgebilim almakto learnbilim bermekto teachÇagalaryň bilimini barlamak üçin mugallym şu gün klasda barlag işini geçirdi.The teacher set a test today to test the children's knowledge.2educationbaşlangyç bilimprimary/elementary educationorta bilimsecondary educationbilim almakbe educatedbilim bermekeducateMen medesina bilimini almagy höwes edýärdim.I used to study medicine with enthusiasm.bilim almakunspec. comp. formto study, gain instruction
bilmekcfbilginv1to know (be aware); to know by heartMen Mary şäherini gowy bilýärin, sebäbi köp wagtdan bäri ýaşap ýörün.I know Mary city very well, because I have lived there for a long time.Men kasam bilen gimni ýatdan bilýärin.I know the national oath and national anthem by heart.2to learnSapagy oňat bilmek üçin agşam öwrenip geldim.I learnt the lesson last night then came to school.3to recogniseOnuň kimdigini bildik.We knew who he was.Her kim öz işini bilmeli.Everyone should know their own work.4to discoverWilliam Gilbert ilkinji bolup, elektrik toguny bilen adam.William Gilbert was the first to discover electricity.5to be able, canMen özüm edip bilýärin.I can do that myself.Dostumyň adresini ahyr tapyp bildim. In the end I was able to find out my friend's address.Men türkmen haly dokap bilýärin.I can weave Turkmen rugs.Men palawy oňat hem süýji bişirip bilýärin. I can cook tasty pilau. ýazyp bilmek to be able to write, be literatebilip goýmakcomp.to be aware, keep in mind, to remember, knowBilip goý şu gün sapagyňy etmeseň, ertir seýil bagyna gideňok.Know this, if you don't do today's lesson you won't be going to the park.
birnum1one, a, someone; each otherSygyrymyz bir göle dogdy.Our cow gave birth to a calf.Ogly atasyna meňzeş, bir almany iki böleniň ýaly.The son resembles his father so much it's like two halves of an apple.Mysal üçin birini aýdaýyn.For example, let me tell you one.Joram bilen bir-birimize garaşyp, okuwa bile gidýäris.My friend and I wait for each other, then we go to our place of study together.2soIrden tursak ýere bir giden gar ýagypdyr.In the morning so much snow had fallen on the hard ground.bir agza bakmakcomp.to go along with one person's advicebir almany iki bölen ýalycomp.like peas in a podbir çukura tüýkürmekcomp.to discuss something and come to one conclusion, to agreebir demdecomp.in a flash, in a momentbir derejedecomp.at one level, rankbir gezekcomp.once, one timeBir gezek klasdaşlar bolup Sankt-Peterburg şäherine gezelenje gitdik.One time our class went as tourists to Saint Petersburg.Ömrümde bir gezek uçara münüp gördüm.I once in my life had the opportunity to fly.bir gözde görmek/garamakcomp.to see things justlybir gysym bolmakcomp.1to become shrunken2to be sad, to sufferbir hasapdancomp.from one billbir özicomp.aloneSelbi çagalardan gizlenip bir özi oýnap otyr.Selbi hid herself from the children, and sat alone thinking.bir özüňecomp.for yourselfMen berhizliligim sebäpli nahary bir özüme üçin bişirdim.Because I was on a diet I cooked food for just me.bir wagtdacomp.1once, at one timeOl bir wagtda üç işi ýerine ýetiripdir.At one time he was able to hold down three jobs.2oncebir zatcomp.1something2one thing, somethingbir-biri(ni)comp.one another, each otherbir-birinecomp.to/for each otherBir-biriňe kömek et!Help one another!biricomp.1one (of them)2one of (them); someonebirimizcomp.one of usbirindenfrom someone; from one of themkimdir biricomp.Pronounsomeone, somebody, anyone, anybodyGapyda kimdir biriniň durandygyny gördüm.I saw that someone had come to the door.Ol ýerde kimdir biri barmy?Would there be somebody there?şeýle bircomp.so veryŞeýle bir owadan görmäge göz gerek.It's so beautiful you have to see it
beýleadj1that, like that, in that wayBeýle çap edilenok...You don't type like that...Beýle gadymy türkmen halysyny entek göremok.I haven't yet seen a Turkmen rug as old as that.2side, other sideMekdebimiz demir ýoluň beýle ýüzünde ýerleşýär.Our school is on the other side of the railway line.bir eýlesine, bir beýlesine geçmekcomp.1to plead with someone, entreat2to plead with someone, entreat; find a way round someoneeýle-beýlecomp.1this side and thatmaşynyň eýlesini-beýlesini görüşdirmekto look at a car from different anglesSerhetçi pasportyň eýlesine-beýlesine seretdi.The border guard looked at the inside and outside of the passport.2haphazard, slapdash, not very good, a bit variable, a bit randomHaý, mama jan, ol eýle-beýle adamyň yzyna düşüp gelmez.Hey, dear mother, he'll follow some random person and won't come back.Elbetde ol oglan öz ýanyna eýle-beýle adamlary göýberjek oglana däl eken, ýöne ykbal...Of course he isn't the kind of young man you'd just send anyone to, but fate...
bolçulyknabundance, plenty, profusionSüýji kökäň bolçulygyna gözüm düşüp, näme aljagymy bilmedim.When I saw the abundance of sweet biscuits, I didn't know which to buy.Bir gytçylygyň bir bolçulygysay.
birkemsizadjirreproachable, blameless, faultless, perfectbirkemsiz işfaultless workBuýrylan işi birkemsiz ýerine ýetirdim.I finished the work so it was without fault.Muzeýda birkemsiz, ajaýyp şekil gördim.In the museum I saw a perfect, wonderful statue.Birkemňiz gözel bolmazsay.Someone irreproachable won't be beautiful
nUNBirleşen Ýurtlarcomp.the United Nations
birlikn1unitysport guramalarynyň birligipikir birligi2unitmathematics3one (mark)ölçeg birligibirlik sansingularmathematicsBirlik Hudaýa ýagşysay.It's better to worship one God
biynjalykbi:y:njalykadjrestless, uneasy, restive, anxious, disturbingbiynjalyk bolmakcomp.to be anxious, worry about, be disturbedErtirki boljak ekzamenime tutuş gije biyynjalyk bolup ýatyp bilmedim.I couldn't sleep all night because I was so anxious about the next day's exam.Aslynda mydama biynjalyk bolmak meniň häsiýetimde bar.Bişiren palawyň duzy boldymyka oýdip biynjalyk boldym.
bizar-peteňbi:za:r-peteňadjboring ; tiresomebizar-peteň etmekcomp.to wear (someone, something) out, get fed up withGoňşymyň gaty diňleýan rok aýdymynyň sesinden bizar-peteň boldym.I'm fed up with my neighbour listening to rock music at loud volumes.Gijelerine itimiz ürip bizar-peteň edýar.
bogunn1joint; branchMollagara sanatoriýasynda bogun agyrly adamlary gyzgyn palçyk bilen bejerýärler.In Mollagara sanatorium people with painful joints are treated with mud.Gamyş bogun-bogun bolup ösýär.Reed grow branch by branch.2syllablebogny ysmazlykcomp.bogun agyrysycomp.1rheumatismŞu günki ene dilinde geçen temamyz ýapyk bogunlary boldy.2nodebotanical3syllableýapyk we açyk bogunclosed and open syllablesbogun ölçegigrammar
bolmakv1to bebolmazlykabsenceýok bolmazlykiki boluptogether, two-of-us/you/themOl Angliýada boldy.S/he was in England (for a while).2to be bornOňa ogul boldy.He/they had a son.3to become, grow, happen, occur, take placeeýe bolmakto acquire, become the owner ofbolup geçmekto happenŞeýle bolup çykdy.That's how it happened.kiçi bolmakto grow small, to reduce in sizeBu uly bir waka bolupdy.A major event took place.4to finishBoldy!That's all!Indi boldy!Now (at last) it's finished!Men iýip içip boldum.I've had enough to eat and drink.5to be possible6to try, to be about toöldürjek bolmakto try to killBoldy!comp.Enough! Stop!Boljak!comp.1OK! It's going to happen!2All right - I'll do it!bolmajysy bolmakcomp.Bolýar!comp.1Al right!Brit2Okay, OK!AmerIndi boldy!comp.Now it's finished!
bölekbö:leknpart, partlyTorty alty bölege böldük.We cut the cake into six pieces.bölek-bölekcomp.in(to) pieces, in partsKiçijek pişigimiz gazedi bölek-bölek edip ýyrtyp oýnaýar.Our kitten tears the newspaper into pieces and plays with them.
burç1npepperbolgar burçcomp.bell/sweet pepperBolgar burç nahary örän tagamly edýär.Sweet peppers make a dish really tasty.Dümewlän wagtyň noýwaly unaşy gyzyl burçlap işseň dümegden açylýaň.gara burçcomp.black peppergyzyl burçcomp.chilli, chilli pepper, cayenne pepper
bölünmekbö:lünmekv1to break up, get broken, divide, get detachedAgaç ikä bölünip ýere gaçdy.The wood broke into two and fell to the ground.Elimden garpyz gaçyp üç dört bölege bölündi.The water-melon fell out of my hand and broke into four pieces.Ýapdan geçýan paýaplymyz orta bilinden bölündi.2to be separated, be dividedSSSR dargap, garaşyz döwletlere bölündi.The USSR broke up and was divided into independent states.Ekskursiýa gidemizde bäş topara bölündik.When we went on the outing we were divided into five groups.Toýyň ertesi güni geline baş salynanda, gelin gyzlar bölünip biri biriniň garşysyna göreşýarler.Çöldäki sürimizden bäş goýun bölünip, azaşyp möjeklere şam bolupdyrlar.Bölüneni böri iýersay.
böwetn1dam, weirBöwetlenen suw joşyp üstinden akyp ugrady.The dammed water bubbled up and flowed over the top.Mellegi suwarar ýaly ýapdan gelýan suwy böwetläp, özümize garşy akdyrdym.2obstacle, impedimentMeniň öňümde böwet bolma, men barybir giderin.Don't be an obstacle to me, I'm going in any case.Oglym bilen gelinimiň aralarynda böwet bolmaýyn diýip göçürdim.böwet bolmakcomp.to prevent (from)Türkmen diliniň ösüşine näme böwet bolýar? What's preventing Turkmen from growing?böwet basmakunspec. comp. formvto dam, block up
böwürnside, flankÇep böwrüm sanjyp oturyp turamda agyrýar.If I sit pressing on my left side when I stand up it hurts.Bir ýerik gaty ylgasam iki böwrümem sanjyp başlaýar.Täze galdyrlan jaýyň bir böwri çat açypdyr.Atam mydama tamyň düýbine geçip böwrini diňledip oturardy.böwri bükgüldilicomp.böwrüni diňlemekcomp.
boýuncfbaşegmekn1neck2bank, shorederýanyň boýunythe riverbank boýnuna atmakcomp.boýnuna goýmakcomp.boýnuna münmekcomp.boýnuny sogurmakcomp.boýnuny towlamakcomp.boýun almakcomp.vto confess, acknowledge, admit, own upGyzym kitaby ýyrtyp, gorkujyna boýnuna almady.My daughter ripped the book, but because she was scared she didn't own up to it.Eden işiňi boýnuňa alman, başka biriniň üstüne ýapmak utanç biler.Başarmajak işiňi boýun almaly däl.Ýalançy kezzap adam hiç wagt ýalan sözlänini boýnuna almaýar.boýun bolmakcomp.vto obey, submit to, keepTäze işe giremde kärhanaň şertlerine boýun boldum.When I started the new job I had to keep the workplace conditions.Tomus jogabynda klasymyzyň güllerini öýe getirip seretmegi boýun boldum.Boýun bolan işiňi hökman etmeli.boýun egmekcomp.1to submitUlumsy adamlar aňsat boýnuny egmeýärler.Proud people do not find it easy to submit.2to obeyBuýruga boýun egmedik esgerleriň etmişine görä temmisini alýardylar.Beýik Watançylyk urşunda sowetler nemyslaryň öňinde boýyn egmediler.Boýnymyň damarlaryny sowukladyp, kellämi egip bilämok.Meniň boýnymda meň bar.(şu sözlem dogry däl hasaplaýaryn) Derýaň boýnyna dynç almaga gitdik.3to bow downUruş döwirinde nemyslara ýesir düşen esgerleriň boýyn egmedikleriň baryny öldirýardiler.During the war the Germans used to kill all those taken as prisoners who refused to bow down.boýun gaçyrmakcomp.to refuse
bukynshelter, cover, dug-outUruşda gelin gyzlar we çagalar bukuda ýatyp halas bolýardylar.In the war girls and children used to hide in a shelter and were saved.Goňşymyzyň jaýy ýananda, kiçi ogly gorkyjyna burça bukulyp zordan tapyldy.bukuda oturmakcomp.to wait in ambushbuky ýercomp.hide-out, place of concealment
burunn1noseÇybyn ýolbarsyň burnundan dişläp başlaýar.A mosquito starts by biting a lion's nose.Dümeglänim bäri burnym dykylýar.Konditer önümleri öndürýan sehiň töwereginden geçseň burnuňa süýji isler gelýar.2nose, interestBurnyňy sokmasyz ýere sokma.Don't put your nose into other people's business.3toe, front end of the shoeGyzym ilki ýöräp başlanda aýagyň burnynda ýöredi.When my daughter first started walking she walked on her toes.Aýagymyň burnyna büdüräp, başam barmagymy agyrtdym.burnundan aňryny görmezlikcomp.burnundan gelmekcomp.burnuňy uzatmakcomp.burny deşilen ýaly bolmakcomp.burun deşigicomp.nostrilsiki eliňi burnuňa sokup gelmekcomp.to come with nothing to contributeBar pulumy biderek zada sowup, iki elimi burnuma sokup geldim.Having spent all my money on something I didn't need I came with nothing to contribute.Gaharyň gelse, burnuňy dişlesay.If you get angry, bite your nose
bag1ba:gn1gardenÝaz paslynda miweli baglar, ak güllere batyp otyrlar.In the spring fruit trees produce white flowers.botanika bagybotanical garden2orchard, grovemiweli bag(fruit) orchardMekdepde ýowar bolanda okuwçylar bag hem ekdiler.In schools, when it was time for voluntary labour the school children planted an orchard.Şu ýyl biziň bagymyz, köp hasyl berdi.This year our orchard provided much fruit.3parkJoralarym bilen seýil baga çykdym.I went to the park with my friends.Şäheriň merkezi bagynda, dynç alyş güni halk üçin aýdym-saz berilýär.On Sunday music is provided for the people at the central park.4treebaga çykmakto climb a treeÝaz pasylynyň başynda, baglara dökün berilýär.At the start of the spring season, the trees are manured.çagalar bagycomp.kindergarten, nursery school, day nursery, playgroupÝolöten şäherinde bäş sany çagalar bagy bar.There are five nursery schools in Yoloten.Çagalar üçin, çagalar bagy gerekli, ol ýerde tertip düzgüni öwrenýärler.For children, nursery schools are necessary. They teach them order and discipline there.


Seret Türkmençe-iňlisçe sözlügi

b


bijebi:jenlotbije atmakto cast lotsbije çekmekto draw lots (e.g. straws)Oýun başlamazdan öň, bije atmaly.Before starting the game you need to cast lots.Bijeli oglan aglamazunspec. comp. formThe boy who wins won't cry
bikärbi:käradjidleMaksat bikär durmuşda ýaşamagy isleýär.Maksat wants to lead an idle life.Bikärden taňry bizarsay.God will make you tired of being idle
baglamakba:glamakv1to tieÇapyksuwar atyň eýerini berk baglap münýär.Jockeys tie the horse's saddle on tight and then mount.Sürüden gelen sygyrlary gijesine gazyga baglaýarlar.Cows that come in from the herd are tied to a post at night.Balykçylar tutan balygyny tora salyp, ýüp bilen agzyny baglap, suwda saklaýarlar.Fish caught by fishermen are put in a net in the water with the mouth tied up with string.Gyzlar sähra çykyp, owadan güllerden çemen bagladylar.Girls went out into the steppe and tied up bouquets of beautiful flowers.Gözbagçy tomaşaçylaryň gözüni baglap, oýun görkezdi.The hypnotist tied up the spectator's eyes and demonstrated a trick.2to lockSürüjiler maşynyň howpsuzlygy üçin ony baglap goýýarlar.Drivers park and lock the car for safety.Ýygylan bugdaýy ammara bagladylar.They locked the gathered wheat in a barn.Kärhananyň işgärleriniň iş wagty gutarandan soň, garawul gapyny baglaýar.After the workers at the workshop have finished work the night-watchman locks the door.3to shut off, fenceÝollar remont edilende, daş-töweregini baglaýarlar.When they repair the roads they shut them off from outside traffic.Mallar mellege girip ösümligi zaýalamazlygy üçin, mellegiň töweregini baglaýarlar.When domestic animals enter the field they fence the field in to stop them harming the plants.4to linkGoşulmalar sözleri biri-birine baglaýarlar.Affixes link words to each other.grammarbil baglacomp.to resolve; to trust, rely onýüregiňi baglamakcomp.to steal your heartTürkmen haly muzeýinde gören halym ýüregimi baglady.The carpet I saw in the Turkmen carpet museum stole my heart.
bilbi:ln1waistinçe billi gyznarrow-waisted girl2backTaýyp ýykylamda bilimi agyrtdym.When I slipped and fell over I hurt my back.biliň agyrmakfor one to have (lower) back painbil baglamakcomp.to resolve; to trust inŞu gün altmyş kile pagta ýygmaga bilimi bagladym.Today I resolved to collect sixty kilos of cotton.bil bükmekcomp.to be bent over, to be drained (phys. and/or emotional)bil ýazmakcomp.to rest (sitting or lying down)bili gelmek/açylmakcomp.to have/begin one's monthly periodDil bilen orak orsaň, bil agyrmazsay.If you harvest with your tongue, your back won't hurt
bilimbilimn1knowledgebilim almakto learnbilim bermekto teachÇagalaryň bilimini barlamak üçin mugallym şu gün klasda barlag işini geçirdi.The teacher set a test today to test the children's knowledge.2educationbaşlangyç bilimprimary/elementary educationorta bilimsecondary educationbilim almakbe educatedbilim bermekeducateMen medesina bilimini almagy höwes edýärdim.I used to study medicine with enthusiasm.bilim almakunspec. comp. formto study, gain instruction
bilmekcfbilginv1to know (be aware); to know by heartMen Mary şäherini gowy bilýärin, sebäbi köp wagtdan bäri ýaşap ýörün.I know Mary city very well, because I have lived there for a long time.Men kasam bilen gimni ýatdan bilýärin.I know the national oath and national anthem by heart.2to learnSapagy oňat bilmek üçin agşam öwrenip geldim.I learnt the lesson last night then came to school.3to recogniseOnuň kimdigini bildik.We knew who he was.Her kim öz işini bilmeli.Everyone should know their own work.4to discoverWilliam Gilbert ilkinji bolup, elektrik toguny bilen adam.William Gilbert was the first to discover electricity.5to be able, canMen özüm edip bilýärin.I can do that myself.Dostumyň adresini ahyr tapyp bildim. In the end I was able to find out my friend's address.Men türkmen haly dokap bilýärin.I can weave Turkmen rugs.Men palawy oňat hem süýji bişirip bilýärin. I can cook tasty pilau. ýazyp bilmek to be able to write, be literatebilip goýmakcomp.to be aware, keep in mind, to remember, knowBilip goý şu gün sapagyňy etmeseň, ertir seýil bagyna gideňok.Know this, if you don't do today's lesson you won't be going to the park.
birnum1one, a, someone; each otherSygyrymyz bir göle dogdy.Our cow gave birth to a calf.Ogly atasyna meňzeş, bir almany iki böleniň ýaly.The son resembles his father so much it's like two halves of an apple.Mysal üçin birini aýdaýyn.For example, let me tell you one.Joram bilen bir-birimize garaşyp, okuwa bile gidýäris.My friend and I wait for each other, then we go to our place of study together.2soIrden tursak ýere bir giden gar ýagypdyr.In the morning so much snow had fallen on the hard ground.bir agza bakmakcomp.to go along with one person's advicebir almany iki bölen ýalycomp.like peas in a podbir çukura tüýkürmekcomp.to discuss something and come to one conclusion, to agreebir demdecomp.in a flash, in a momentbir derejedecomp.at one level, rankbir gezekcomp.once, one timeBir gezek klasdaşlar bolup Sankt-Peterburg şäherine gezelenje gitdik.One time our class went as tourists to Saint Petersburg.Ömrümde bir gezek uçara münüp gördüm.I once in my life had the opportunity to fly.bir gözde görmek/garamakcomp.to see things justlybir gysym bolmakcomp.1to become shrunken2to be sad, to sufferbir hasapdancomp.from one billbir özicomp.aloneSelbi çagalardan gizlenip bir özi oýnap otyr.Selbi hid herself from the children, and sat alone thinking.bir özüňecomp.for yourselfMen berhizliligim sebäpli nahary bir özüme üçin bişirdim.Because I was on a diet I cooked food for just me.bir wagtdacomp.1once, at one timeOl bir wagtda üç işi ýerine ýetiripdir.At one time he was able to hold down three jobs.2oncebir zatcomp.1something2one thing, somethingbir-biri(ni)comp.one another, each otherbir-birinecomp.to/for each otherBir-biriňe kömek et!Help one another!biricomp.1one (of them)2one of (them); someonebirimizcomp.one of usbirindenfrom someone; from one of themkimdir biricomp.Pronounsomeone, somebody, anyone, anybodyGapyda kimdir biriniň durandygyny gördüm.I saw that someone had come to the door.Ol ýerde kimdir biri barmy?Would there be somebody there?şeýle bircomp.so veryŞeýle bir owadan görmäge göz gerek.It's so beautiful you have to see it
beýleadj1that, like that, in that wayBeýle çap edilenok...You don't type like that...Beýle gadymy türkmen halysyny entek göremok.I haven't yet seen a Turkmen rug as old as that.2side, other sideMekdebimiz demir ýoluň beýle ýüzünde ýerleşýär.Our school is on the other side of the railway line.bir eýlesine, bir beýlesine geçmekcomp.1to plead with someone, entreat2to plead with someone, entreat; find a way round someoneeýle-beýlecomp.1this side and thatmaşynyň eýlesini-beýlesini görüşdirmekto look at a car from different anglesSerhetçi pasportyň eýlesine-beýlesine seretdi.The border guard looked at the inside and outside of the passport.2haphazard, slapdash, not very good, a bit variable, a bit randomHaý, mama jan, ol eýle-beýle adamyň yzyna düşüp gelmez.Hey, dear mother, he'll follow some random person and won't come back.Elbetde ol oglan öz ýanyna eýle-beýle adamlary göýberjek oglana däl eken, ýöne ykbal...Of course he isn't the kind of young man you'd just send anyone to, but fate...
bolçulyknabundance, plenty, profusionSüýji kökäň bolçulygyna gözüm düşüp, näme aljagymy bilmedim.When I saw the abundance of sweet biscuits, I didn't know which to buy.Bir gytçylygyň bir bolçulygysay.
birkemsizadjirreproachable, blameless, faultless, perfectbirkemsiz işfaultless workBuýrylan işi birkemsiz ýerine ýetirdim.I finished the work so it was without fault.Muzeýda birkemsiz, ajaýyp şekil gördim.In the museum I saw a perfect, wonderful statue.Birkemňiz gözel bolmazsay.Someone irreproachable won't be beautiful
nUNBirleşen Ýurtlarcomp.the United Nations
birlikn1unitysport guramalarynyň birligipikir birligi2unitmathematics3one (mark)ölçeg birligibirlik sansingularmathematicsBirlik Hudaýa ýagşysay.It's better to worship one God
biynjalykbi:y:njalykadjrestless, uneasy, restive, anxious, disturbingbiynjalyk bolmakcomp.to be anxious, worry about, be disturbedErtirki boljak ekzamenime tutuş gije biyynjalyk bolup ýatyp bilmedim.I couldn't sleep all night because I was so anxious about the next day's exam.Aslynda mydama biynjalyk bolmak meniň häsiýetimde bar.Bişiren palawyň duzy boldymyka oýdip biynjalyk boldym.
bizar-peteňbi:za:r-peteňadjboring ; tiresomebizar-peteň etmekcomp.to wear (someone, something) out, get fed up withGoňşymyň gaty diňleýan rok aýdymynyň sesinden bizar-peteň boldym.I'm fed up with my neighbour listening to rock music at loud volumes.Gijelerine itimiz ürip bizar-peteň edýar.
bogunn1joint; branchMollagara sanatoriýasynda bogun agyrly adamlary gyzgyn palçyk bilen bejerýärler.In Mollagara sanatorium people with painful joints are treated with mud.Gamyş bogun-bogun bolup ösýär.Reed grow branch by branch.2syllablebogny ysmazlykcomp.bogun agyrysycomp.1rheumatismŞu günki ene dilinde geçen temamyz ýapyk bogunlary boldy.2nodebotanical3syllableýapyk we açyk bogunclosed and open syllablesbogun ölçegigrammar
bolmakv1to bebolmazlykabsenceýok bolmazlykiki boluptogether, two-of-us/you/themOl Angliýada boldy.S/he was in England (for a while).2to be bornOňa ogul boldy.He/they had a son.3to become, grow, happen, occur, take placeeýe bolmakto acquire, become the owner ofbolup geçmekto happenŞeýle bolup çykdy.That's how it happened.kiçi bolmakto grow small, to reduce in sizeBu uly bir waka bolupdy.A major event took place.4to finishBoldy!That's all!Indi boldy!Now (at last) it's finished!Men iýip içip boldum.I've had enough to eat and drink.5to be possible6to try, to be about toöldürjek bolmakto try to killBoldy!comp.Enough! Stop!Boljak!comp.1OK! It's going to happen!2All right - I'll do it!bolmajysy bolmakcomp.Bolýar!comp.1Al right!Brit2Okay, OK!AmerIndi boldy!comp.Now it's finished!
bölekbö:leknpart, partlyTorty alty bölege böldük.We cut the cake into six pieces.bölek-bölekcomp.in(to) pieces, in partsKiçijek pişigimiz gazedi bölek-bölek edip ýyrtyp oýnaýar.Our kitten tears the newspaper into pieces and plays with them.
burç1npepperbolgar burçcomp.bell/sweet pepperBolgar burç nahary örän tagamly edýär.Sweet peppers make a dish really tasty.Dümewlän wagtyň noýwaly unaşy gyzyl burçlap işseň dümegden açylýaň.gara burçcomp.black peppergyzyl burçcomp.chilli, chilli pepper, cayenne pepper
bölünmekbö:lünmekv1to break up, get broken, divide, get detachedAgaç ikä bölünip ýere gaçdy.The wood broke into two and fell to the ground.Elimden garpyz gaçyp üç dört bölege bölündi.The water-melon fell out of my hand and broke into four pieces.Ýapdan geçýan paýaplymyz orta bilinden bölündi.2to be separated, be dividedSSSR dargap, garaşyz döwletlere bölündi.The USSR broke up and was divided into independent states.Ekskursiýa gidemizde bäş topara bölündik.When we went on the outing we were divided into five groups.Toýyň ertesi güni geline baş salynanda, gelin gyzlar bölünip biri biriniň garşysyna göreşýarler.Çöldäki sürimizden bäş goýun bölünip, azaşyp möjeklere şam bolupdyrlar.Bölüneni böri iýersay.
böwetn1dam, weirBöwetlenen suw joşyp üstinden akyp ugrady.The dammed water bubbled up and flowed over the top.Mellegi suwarar ýaly ýapdan gelýan suwy böwetläp, özümize garşy akdyrdym.2obstacle, impedimentMeniň öňümde böwet bolma, men barybir giderin.Don't be an obstacle to me, I'm going in any case.Oglym bilen gelinimiň aralarynda böwet bolmaýyn diýip göçürdim.böwet bolmakcomp.to prevent (from)Türkmen diliniň ösüşine näme böwet bolýar? What's preventing Turkmen from growing?böwet basmakunspec. comp. formvto dam, block up
böwürnside, flankÇep böwrüm sanjyp oturyp turamda agyrýar.If I sit pressing on my left side when I stand up it hurts.Bir ýerik gaty ylgasam iki böwrümem sanjyp başlaýar.Täze galdyrlan jaýyň bir böwri çat açypdyr.Atam mydama tamyň düýbine geçip böwrini diňledip oturardy.böwri bükgüldilicomp.böwrüni diňlemekcomp.
boýuncfbaşegmekn1neck2bank, shorederýanyň boýunythe riverbank boýnuna atmakcomp.boýnuna goýmakcomp.boýnuna münmekcomp.boýnuny sogurmakcomp.boýnuny towlamakcomp.boýun almakcomp.vto confess, acknowledge, admit, own upGyzym kitaby ýyrtyp, gorkujyna boýnuna almady.My daughter ripped the book, but because she was scared she didn't own up to it.Eden işiňi boýnuňa alman, başka biriniň üstüne ýapmak utanç biler.Başarmajak işiňi boýun almaly däl.Ýalançy kezzap adam hiç wagt ýalan sözlänini boýnuna almaýar.boýun bolmakcomp.vto obey, submit to, keepTäze işe giremde kärhanaň şertlerine boýun boldum.When I started the new job I had to keep the workplace conditions.Tomus jogabynda klasymyzyň güllerini öýe getirip seretmegi boýun boldum.Boýun bolan işiňi hökman etmeli.boýun egmekcomp.1to submitUlumsy adamlar aňsat boýnuny egmeýärler.Proud people do not find it easy to submit.2to obeyBuýruga boýun egmedik esgerleriň etmişine görä temmisini alýardylar.Beýik Watançylyk urşunda sowetler nemyslaryň öňinde boýyn egmediler.Boýnymyň damarlaryny sowukladyp, kellämi egip bilämok.Meniň boýnymda meň bar.(şu sözlem dogry däl hasaplaýaryn) Derýaň boýnyna dynç almaga gitdik.3to bow downUruş döwirinde nemyslara ýesir düşen esgerleriň boýyn egmedikleriň baryny öldirýardiler.During the war the Germans used to kill all those taken as prisoners who refused to bow down.boýun gaçyrmakcomp.to refuse
bukynshelter, cover, dug-outUruşda gelin gyzlar we çagalar bukuda ýatyp halas bolýardylar.In the war girls and children used to hide in a shelter and were saved.Goňşymyzyň jaýy ýananda, kiçi ogly gorkyjyna burça bukulyp zordan tapyldy.bukuda oturmakcomp.to wait in ambushbuky ýercomp.hide-out, place of concealment
burunn1noseÇybyn ýolbarsyň burnundan dişläp başlaýar.A mosquito starts by biting a lion's nose.Dümeglänim bäri burnym dykylýar.Konditer önümleri öndürýan sehiň töwereginden geçseň burnuňa süýji isler gelýar.2nose, interestBurnyňy sokmasyz ýere sokma.Don't put your nose into other people's business.3toe, front end of the shoeGyzym ilki ýöräp başlanda aýagyň burnynda ýöredi.When my daughter first started walking she walked on her toes.Aýagymyň burnyna büdüräp, başam barmagymy agyrtdym.burnundan aňryny görmezlikcomp.burnundan gelmekcomp.burnuňy uzatmakcomp.burny deşilen ýaly bolmakcomp.burun deşigicomp.nostrilsiki eliňi burnuňa sokup gelmekcomp.to come with nothing to contributeBar pulumy biderek zada sowup, iki elimi burnuma sokup geldim.Having spent all my money on something I didn't need I came with nothing to contribute.Gaharyň gelse, burnuňy dişlesay.If you get angry, bite your nose
bag1ba:gn1gardenÝaz paslynda miweli baglar, ak güllere batyp otyrlar.In the spring fruit trees produce white flowers.botanika bagybotanical garden2orchard, grovemiweli bag(fruit) orchardMekdepde ýowar bolanda okuwçylar bag hem ekdiler.In schools, when it was time for voluntary labour the school children planted an orchard.Şu ýyl biziň bagymyz, köp hasyl berdi.This year our orchard provided much fruit.3parkJoralarym bilen seýil baga çykdym.I went to the park with my friends.Şäheriň merkezi bagynda, dynç alyş güni halk üçin aýdym-saz berilýär.On Sunday music is provided for the people at the central park.4treebaga çykmakto climb a treeÝaz pasylynyň başynda, baglara dökün berilýär.At the start of the spring season, the trees are manured.çagalar bagycomp.kindergarten, nursery school, day nursery, playgroupÝolöten şäherinde bäş sany çagalar bagy bar.There are five nursery schools in Yoloten.Çagalar üçin, çagalar bagy gerekli, ol ýerde tertip düzgüni öwrenýärler.For children, nursery schools are necessary. They teach them order and discipline there.