Türkmençe - iňlisçe


b


barlyşmakv1to be reconciledOl başy boş aýal bilen barlyşdy.He was reconciled with his empty-headed wife.2to agree, get on with (each other)Iki guda öz aralarynda ylalaşyp, çagalarynyň biri-birine barlyşmagyny islediler.The two sets of in-laws, agreeing amongst themselves, wanted their respective children to get on with each other.The two children are married to each other.
barlyşykn1armistice, truce, cease-fire2agreementTürkmenistanyň Prezidenti bilen Russiýa Federatsiýasynyň Prezidenti gaz we nebit önümleriniň meselesende barlaşyga gol çekdiler.The presidents of Turkmenistan and the Russian Federation signed an agreement concerning gas and oil.
barmak1v1to go, to head in the direction (of)Nirä barýarsyň?Where are you heading?dükana baryp gaýtmak üçin biraz wagt gerek.You need a bit of time to go to the shop and back.Geçen hepde men diş lukmanyň ýanyna bardym.Last week I went to the dentist's.2to arrive at, reach, attain, approachSapaga giç barmak gowy däl.It's bad to turn up late for a lesson.3to succeed in understanding4to result, end in5to approximate, to have almost done somethinggutaryp barmakto be almost finishedBiziň işimiz ilerläp barýar.Our work is heading in a good direction.sowlup barmakto pop into somewhere else on the wayBar, işiňe git!comp.Mind your own business! Get lost!Çagyrylmadyk ýeriňe barma, çagyrlan ýeriňden galmasay.Don't go where you haven't been invited, don't stay long where you have
barmak2n1fingerbaşam barmakthumb, big toesüýem barmakindex fingerorta barmakmiddle fingerogulhajatring fingerkülem barmakpinky, little toeBarmagym çykyp tebibiň ýanyna bardym.My finger was dislocated so I went to see the folk healer.anatomy2toeGelinbarmak üzimi, süýji sortlaň birisi.Gelenbarmak grapes are one kind of sweet grape.Palaw bişireňde bürünjiň üstüne guýmaly suwuň ölçegi iki barmak ýaly bolmaly.When you cook pilau the amount of water you add should be two fingers width above the rice.anatomyOn barmagy hünärli.comp.S/he is a jack of all trades.On barmagy hünärli bolansoň, Jereni hemmeler halaýar.Everybody likes Jeren because she is a jack of all trades.
barşysp. var. ofbaryş
baryba:ryadjthe whole, all ofBalykçynyň tutan balygynyň bary üç sany.The bird-catcher caught three birds in all.bary bilen bazar eýlemekcomp.to live within one's means
barybirba:rybirconjunctionnevertheless, anyway, even so, in spite of, in any caseBarybir gitmeli bolar.Nevertheless it's necessary to go.
barypadjgoing on for, as long ago as, as far back asBaý-bow, ol baryp haçanky bolan wakalar.My goodness, that happened a long time ago.
barypýatanadjreal, true; really, trulyOt-çep basyp giden mellek, barypýatan ýaltalykdyr.If your piece of ground is overgrown, then you're really lazy.negative connotation
baryşsp. var.barşycfbarşysp. var. ofbaryşnbehaviour, manners, conduct, comportment, the way you actözüni alyp barşyhis behaviour, conductTamadaň toýy alyp barşy örän gyzykly hem şadyýan.The way the master of ceremonies conducts proceedings at a wedding is very interesting and makes you feel good.Sahnada artistleriň özüni alyp barşy ýaman ynandyryjy.The way the actors act in the scene is very believable.salyp baryşunspec. comp. formbehaviourOnuň alyp barşy gowy.His/her behaviour is good.
basgançaknstairs, steps, a ladderKiçi çagaň bir özini basgançaga göýbermeli däl.Small children should not be allowed up the stairs.Basgançaga haly ýazdym.I spread the carpet out on the stairs.
basgylamakvto tread (on)
basmaçycfgaltamannrobber, bandit
basmahanabasmaha:nanprinting house, printers
basmakv1to treadAýak basmak üçin basgançak gurnadyk.We made steps to tread on.2to hugEne üzak wagt görmedik balasyny bagryna basdy.The mother hugged the child she hadn't seen for ages.3to conquer1327-nji ýylda Çingiz han Buhara imperiýasyny basyp aldy.In 1327 Ghengis Khan conquered the Bucharan empire.4to storeGüýz aýlary maldarlar ot basyp, gyşa taýynlyk görýärler.In the autumn farmers store grass and keep it for the winter.5to try6to dipJenaýatçynyň barmaklaryny syýa basyp, yzyny aldylar.Criminals' fingers were dipped in ink, and their fingerprints were taken.7to place, putPolis ony tutup, gabawhana basdy.The police caught him, and placed him in a cell.8to fill up withÝaşalmaýan jaýyň içini derrew çaň basýar.A house not lived in quickly becomes full of dustýüzüne basmakcomp.to confront, say something directly to another persons faceEdilen ýalňyşy ýüzüne basyp aýtdy.He told him his fault straight to his face.Ody özüňe bas, ötmese kesekäsay.Try something yourself before you expose it to others.Sen näme uly bolup kiçä azar berýäň? Ody özüňe bas, ötmese kesekä.Why do you hurt a little even if you are big? Try something yourself before you expose it to others.
basmarlamakvto come uponDöwleti agyr uky basmarlady.A deep sleep came upon Dowlet.Ony garrylyk basmarlaýar.Old age has come upon him.
basseýnbas'seýnn1pool, swimming bathsDerýanyň basseýni.A place to swim in the river.2fieldkömür basseýnicoalfield
basybalyjyadjaggressive, intending to invade
basybalyjylyknaggression, intention to invade
basylmakvto be conqueredStalingrad söweşinde faşist goşynlary ruslardan basyldylar.In the battle of Stalingrad the fascist army was conquered by the Russians.
basym1advquickly, rapidly, hurriedly; soonbasym bol!hurry up!Basym gyş düşer, ýer ýüzi ak gara çaýylar.Winter will come quickly, the ground will be covered with snow.Basymjak çaý goý, myhmançylyga daýyň geldi.Basymrak awtobus geläýmese, ýaman üşedim.
basym2nstress, accentbasymly bogunstressed syllableBelli sözleri basymly we basymsyz bogyna bölmek.Well known words can be divided into those with stress and those without stress.linguistics
basyrmakvto incubate, sour...Hamyry ýugrup sowuk ýerde basyrsaň, çörek gülli bolýar.If you knead dough and place it in a cold place, the bread will show something like finger marks.Süýdi basyrmak üçin, ýyly jaý gerek.To cover (and sour) milk you need a warm room.ýurmurtgany basyrmakcomp.to hide, concealTowuk kürk bolanda, aşagyna ýumurtga goýup basyrmaly.When the hen is sitting, the egg has to be placed under the hen so it incubates.jenaýaty basyrmakto hide a crime
basyşnpressuregan basyşyblood pressureýokary/aşak basyşhigh/low pressureGarry adamlaryň gan basyşy ýokaryk galsa, olar heläk bolýarlar.If an old man's blood pressure rises, it is dangerous.
başcfboýunegmekn1head, top, foremostbaşy düşmekto chop someone's head offbaşda durmakto be in chargebaş agyryheadachebaş agzachief memberbaş harpcapital letterderýanyň başythe head of the river2beginning, startoýnuň başythe start of the gamegürrüňiň başythe beginning of the conversationsaçagyň başyndasitting at the table(cloth)3nominativebaş düsümnominative casegrammarbaş asmana ýetmekcomp.to be very happybaş bermezlikcomp.not able to overcomebaş çykarmakcomp.1to understand, make out2to solve, find a solutionbaş egmekcomp.to bow down; bow one's headbaş galdyrmakcomp.to raise your headbaş götermekcomp.to rebelbaş öwretmekcomp.to train (an animal)baş üstünecomp.postMy pleasure!baş-başdaklykcomp.rebellion, seditionbaşa bela gelmekcomp.to have misfortune come your waybaşdan sowmakcomp.to do something quicklybaşdan-aýak2comp.from beginning to endbaşy çaşmakcomp.to be confused, in a messbaşy çatylmakcomp.to be bound up with string; to tie the knotbaşyna düşmekcomp.for something to happen to the personbaşyna goýbermekcomp.to let someone do what they want, remove all controlbaşyna ýetmekcomp.to finish someone/something offBaşyňa döneýin!comp.Let me persuade you!başyňdan gum sowurmakcomp.for a close relative to die; to be poorbaşyňy etegiňe salmakcomp.to fearbaşyňy ýassyga ýetirmekcomp.to want to go to sleepBaşa barmaz!id.Perish the thought!